Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 26 items

  • Keyword: Terms of trade x
Clear All Modify Search
Rapid Current Account Adjustments

Rapid Current Account Adjustments »

Source: Rapid Current Account Adjustments : Are Microstates Different?

Volume/Issue: 2008/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870916

Keywords: Terms of trade shocks, microstates, terms of trade, trade shocks, terms of trade shock, trade shock,

We describe unique aspects of microstates-they are less diversified, suffer from lumpiness of investment, they are geographically at the periphery and prone to natural disasters, and have less access to capital mar...

The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate

The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate »

Source: The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate : An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework

Volume/Issue: 1988/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930924

Keywords: terms of trade, terms of trade shocks, relative price, trade changes, real rate of interest

This paper uses an intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. We consider temporary current, anticipated future, a...

The Response of the Current Account to Terms of Trade Shocks

The Response of the Current Account to Terms of Trade Shocks »

Source: The Response of the Current Account to Terms of Trade Shocks : Persistence Matters

Volume/Issue: 2003/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , and Christopher Kent

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856361

Keywords: terms of trade, shock persistence, terms of trade shocks, trade shocks, trade shock, current account balance, Current accounts,

Is the relationship between the current account balance and the terms of trade affected by the persistence of terms of trade shocks? In intertemporal models of the current account that incorporate a consumption-smo...

Terms of Trade Shocks and the Current Account

Terms of Trade Shocks and the Current Account »

Source: Terms of Trade Shocks and the Current Account

Volume/Issue: 1998/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , and C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451975048

Keywords: Terms of trade, intertemporal elasticity of substitution, intratemporal elasticity of substitution, terms of trade shocks, trade shocks, relative price, elasticity of substitution

This paper examines the relationship between terms of trade shocks, private saving, and the current account position. The relationship between these variables is theoretically ambiguous: an adverse transitory terms...

Real Exchange Rate Targeting Under Capital Controls

Real Exchange Rate Targeting Under Capital Controls »

Source: Real Exchange Rate Targeting Under Capital Controls : Can Money Provide a Nominal Anchor?

Volume/Issue: 1991/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Montiel , and Jonathan Ostry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1991

ISBN: 9781451961010

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, price level, inflation rate

This paper examines the issue of whether the money supply can serve as a nominal anchor for the domestic price level under real exchange rate targeting. When capital controls are perfect so that there is complete s...

Why Does the Current Account Matter?

Why Does the Current Account Matter? »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 27 No. 1

Volume: 27

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1980

ISBN: 9781451956566

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, balance of payments, foreign exchange, aggregate demand

This paper reports the results of some preliminary research into the repercussions, for income distribution, of stabilization programs associated with the use of IMF resources in the upper credit tranches. In the f...

Financial Reform and Capital Flows in a Developing Economy

Financial Reform and Capital Flows in a Developing Economy »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 26 No. 3

Volume: 26

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

ISBN: 9781451972597

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, effective exchange rate, exchange rate policy

This paper examines two questions: What basket of currencies should a small developing country use as the exchange rate standard for its currency? When are discretionary changes of the value of its currency against...

Current Account Rebalancing and Real Exchange Rate Adjustment Between the U.S. and Emerging Asia1

Current Account Rebalancing and Real Exchange Rate Adjustment Between the U.S. and Emerging Asia1 »

Source: Current Account Rebalancing and Real Exchange Rate Adjustment Between the U.S. and Emerging Asia

Volume/Issue: 2011/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri , Pau Rabanal , and Isabelle Mejean

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218967

Keywords: Rebalancing, Intermediate Inputs, terms of trade, tradable goods, exchange rate, export prices, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

A reduction in the U.S. current account deficit vis-à-vis emerging Asia involves a shift in demand from U.S. to emerging Asia tradable goods and a change in international relative prices. This paper quantifies the...

To Smooth or Not to Smooth-The Impact of Grants and Remittances on the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Jordan

To Smooth or Not to Smooth-The Impact of Grants and Remittances on the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Jordan »

Source: To Smooth or Not to Smooth-The Impact of Grants and Remittances on the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Jordan

Volume/Issue: 2006/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Petri , and Tahsin Saadi-Sedik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451865172

Keywords: Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate, Smoothing Techniques, exchange rate, real exchange rate, trade openness, terms of trade, equilibrium exchange rate, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper estimates the effect of grants and workers' remittances on Jordan's long-term equilibrium real exchange rate. We estimate an equilibrium path for the Jordanian real exchange rate using the Johansen coint...

Strengthening the Fund's Ability to Assist Low-Income Countries Meet Balance of Payments Needs Arising from Sudden and Exogenous Shocks

Strengthening the Fund's Ability to Assist Low-Income Countries Meet Balance of Payments Needs Arising from Sudden and Exogenous Shocks »

Source: Strengthening the Fund's Ability to Assist Low-Income Countries Meet Balance of Payments Needs Arising from Sudden and Exogenous Shocks

Volume/Issue: 2005/079

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2005

ISBN: 9781498331494

Keywords: Balance of payments assistance, Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Trust, Balance of payments need, Adjustment process, Balance of payments, Terms of trade, Low income developing countries, PP, PRGF

At the Executive Board discussion on the role of the Fund in low-income countries, Directors requested proposals to address the absence of concessional instruments other than the PRGF in the Fund's financial assist...