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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

Anticipating Balance of Payments Crises--The Role of Early Warning Systems
			: The Role of Early Warning Systems

Anticipating Balance of Payments Crises--The Role of Early Warning Systems : The Role of Early Warning Systems »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Catherine Pattillo , Andrew Berg , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758286.084

ISBN: 9781557758286

Keywords: currency crises, probability, balance of payments, contagion, currency crisis

Recent years have witnessed an increase in the frequency of currency and balance of payments crises in developing countries. More important, the crises have become more virulent, have caused widespread disruption t...

Anticipating Capital Flow Reversals

Anticipating Capital Flow Reversals »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1995

Volume/Issue: 32/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451951868

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital flows, real appreciation, private capital

WHAT early warning signals should policymakers heed to avoid a repeat of a Mexico-type reversal of private capital flows? Experience suggests that a combination of indicators can provide powerful hints of approachi...

Appendix 7. Balance of Payments Coding System

Appendix 7. Balance of Payments Coding System »

Source: Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition Compilation Guide

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Eduardo Valdivia-Velarde , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 December 2014

ISBN: 9781484312759

Keywords: investment, goods, liabilities, transactions, economy

Introduction A7.1 This appendix is aimed at discussing the balance of payments and international investment position (IIP) coding system. The second section of the ap...

Appendix Capital Flight and Capital Controls

Appendix Capital Flight and Capital Controls »

Source: Liberalization of the Capital Account : Experiences and Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Liliana Rojas-Suárez , and Donald Mathieson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752802

Keywords: capital controls, exchange rate, capital account convertibility, capital flows, capital inflows

Letting wt equal stock of wealth at time t, then the analysis in the main text suggests that desired holdings of domestic (DA) and foreign (CF) assets will be given...

Appendix 5. Compiling Balance of Payments and IIP by Partner Economy

Appendix 5. Compiling Balance of Payments and IIP by Partner Economy »

Source: Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition Compilation Guide

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Eduardo Valdivia-Velarde , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 December 2014

ISBN: 9781484312759

Keywords: investment, goods, liabilities, transactions, economy

Introduction A5.1 The body of the Guide is concerned with the compilation of global balance of payments statistics—that is, economic transactions of an economy in res...

Appendix 4. Foreign Direct Investment

Appendix 4. Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition Compilation Guide

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Eduardo Valdivia-Velarde , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 December 2014

ISBN: 9781484312759

Keywords: investment, goods, liabilities, transactions, economy

Introduction A4.1 This appendix presents additional material on treatment of direct investment (DI) 1 in international accounts. It...

Appendix II. Behavior of Different Types of Financial Flow

Appendix II. Behavior of Different Types of Financial Flow »

Source: Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

Data Description This appendix analyzes data on the financial account and six of its components—foreign direct investment (FDI); portfolio debt investment (PDI); portfolio equity inv...

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

The reform strategy implemented in the Lao P.D.R. since 1985 has recognized the importance of external resources—both official and private—in accelerating economic transformation an...

Appendix 6: Measuring the Impact of Relative Price Changes on the Current Account Balance

Appendix 6: Measuring the Impact of Relative Price Changes on the Current Account Balance »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in a country’s exports obtained in the simulation described in Appendix 2 are fed back into the current account balance relative to GDP in two ways. First a fall in exports...

Appendix VII. Executive Board Decision on Discrimination for Balance of Payments Reasons

Appendix VII. Executive Board Decision on Discrimination for Balance of Payments Reasons »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1960

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1960

ISBN: 9781616351724

Keywords: gold, balance of payments, exporters, export prices, money supply

The following decision deals exclusively with discriminatory restrictions imposed for balance of payments reasons. In some countries, considerable progress has already been made towards the eliminat...