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The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

“A Quantitative Examination of Current Account Dynamics in Equilibrium Models of Barter Economies”

“A Quantitative Examination of Current Account Dynamics in Equilibrium Models of Barter Economies” »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/1 - WP/92/47)

Volume/Issue: 1992/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

ISBN: 9781451966480

Keywords: foreign currency, currency substitution, exchange rate, rational expectations

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2014

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2014 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498304092.012

ISBN: 9781498304092

Keywords: exchange arrangements, capital flows, exchange rates

This is the 65th issue of the AREAER. It provides a description of the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade systems, and capital controls of all IMF member countries. It also provides information on th...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2017

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2017 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484300992.012

ISBN: 9781484300992

Keywords: Trade restrictions, Classification of exchange rate arrangements, Central banks, Exchange markets, Foreign exchange, Balance of payments, Foreign exchange shortages, AREAER, report period, capital transaction

The Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions has been published by the IMF since 1950. It draws on information available to the IMF from a number of sources, including that provided in the c...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2018

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2018 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484396773.081

ISBN: 9781484396773

Keywords: AREAER, AREAER 2018, exchange, foreign exchange, exchange rate, currency, market

The Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions has been published by the IMF since 1950. It draws on information available to the IMF from a number of sources, including that provided in the c...

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

The reform strategy implemented in the Lao P.D.R. since 1985 has recognized the importance of external resources—both official and private—in accelerating economic transformation an...

Are Capital Controls Effective in the 21st Century? the Recent Experience of Colombia

Are Capital Controls Effective in the 21st Century? the Recent Experience of Colombia »

Source: Are Capital Controls Effective in the 21st Century? the Recent Experience of Colombia

Volume/Issue: 2009/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , and Herman Kamil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451871777

Keywords: Exchange Rate Models, exchange rate, exchange rates,

This paper assesses the effects of capital controls imposed in Colombia in 2007 on capital flows and exchange rate dynamics. The results suggest that the controls were successful in reducing external borrowing, but...

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises »

Source: Balance of Payments Anti-Crises

Volume/Issue: 2009/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451872811

Keywords: Balance of payments anti-crises, inflation dynamics, foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation targeting,

Several emerging economies have, until recently, experienced large government surpluses and accelerating foreign exchange reserve accumulation. This has been accompanied by economic booms, exchange rate appreciatio...

Balance of Payments Financing and Reserve Creation

Balance of Payments Financing and Reserve Creation »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 32 No. 1

Volume: 32

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1985

ISBN: 9781451956696

Keywords: exchange rate, balance of payments, exchange rates, foreign exchange, exchange rate regime

This paper illustrates the important consequences of the choice of reserve assets. It considers hypothetical international reserve systems based on gold, on one or several national currencies, on an international f...

The Balance of Payments Performance of Latin America and the Caribbean, 1966–701

The Balance of Payments Performance of Latin America and the Caribbean, 1966–701 »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 19 No. 2

Volume: XIX

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1972

ISBN: 9781451947373

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate regime, balance of payments, adjustment process

This paper discusses the underlying objectives of the exchange rate regime are necessarily related to broader objectives of the international financial system and the international economy. The exchange rate regime...

The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate

The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate »

Source: The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate : An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework

Volume/Issue: 1988/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930924

Keywords: terms of trade, terms of trade shocks, relative price, trade changes, real rate of interest

This paper uses an intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. We consider temporary current, anticipated future, a...