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Appendix 6: Measuring the Impact of Relative Price Changes on the Current Account Balance

Appendix 6: Measuring the Impact of Relative Price Changes on the Current Account Balance »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in a country’s exports obtained in the simulation described in Appendix 2 are fed back into the current account balance relative to GDP in two ways. First a fall in exports...

II Capital Controls and Exchange Rate Policy

II Capital Controls and Exchange Rate Policy »

Source: Advanced Country Experiences with Capital Account Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Age Bakker , and Bryan Chapple

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061170

Keywords: exchange rate, capital controls, capital account liberalization, capital movements, capital inflows

General Overview Restrictions on capital flows are normally imposed to limit downward or—less commonly—upward pressure on the exchange rate. 1 Capit...

III Capital Controls and Monetary Policy

III Capital Controls and Monetary Policy »

Source: Advanced Country Experiences with Capital Account Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Age Bakker , and Bryan Chapple

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061170

Keywords: exchange rate, capital controls, capital account liberalization, capital movements, capital inflows

General Overview Capital controls in advanced economies have often been established in an attempt to increase the room for maneuver of monetary policy by allowing monetary policy ins...

III Japan’s Capital Flows

III Japan’s Capital Flows »

Source: Saving Behavior and the Asset Price "Bubble" in Japan : Analytical Studies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guy Meredith , and Ulrich Baumgartner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754622

Keywords: inflation, fdi, direct investment, price inflation, elderly

Since the early 1980s, Japan has been the world’s largest exporter of capital. Despite having the highest investment rate of all major industrial countries, Japan has invested less at home than it has saved,...

The United States
			: Japan Current Account Imbalance:  A Review

The United States : Japan Current Account Imbalance: A Review »

Volume/Issue: 1994/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451970708.003

ISBN: 9781451970708

Keywords: exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, trade flows, real exchange rates

This paper reviews the macroeconomic and microeconomic dimensions of the United States-Japan conflict over trade. From a macroeconomic perspective, there is nothing surprising about Japan’s surpluses, given...

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced?

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462384860.006

ISBN: 9781462384860

Keywords: global imbalances, current account, exchange rates, current account deficits, current account surpluses, exchange rate, current account deficit, Account Balances Be Reduced?,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

IV External Debt and Balance of Payments Adjustment

IV External Debt and Balance of Payments Adjustment »

Source: World Economic Outlook

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 1984

ISBN: 9781557750853

Keywords: current account, balance of payments, current account deficit, exporting countries, debt service

The external payments crisis faced by a number of developing countries in 1982 affected both the ability of some of these countries to meet their scheduled debt service obligations and the willingness of the...

IV. Foreign Direct Investment and the Exchange Rate

IV. Foreign Direct Investment and the Exchange Rate »

Source: Exchange Rate Movements and Their Impact on Trade and Investment in the APEC Region

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Takatoshi Ito , Tamim Bayoumi , Peter Isard , and Steven Symansky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756008

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fdi, real exchange rate, real exchange rates

Foreign direct investment (FDI) represents the acquisition by foreign residents of a controlling claim on firms (through equity) or on real estate, or further investment in an enterprise so controlled....

IV Implications of Japan’s Capital Outflows for the Yen’s International Use

IV Implications of Japan’s Capital Outflows for the Yen’s International Use »

Source: The Internationalization of Currencies : An Appraisal of the Japanese Yen

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Yusuru Ozeki , and George Tavlas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1992

ISBN: 9781557751973

Keywords: capital outflows, bonds, international currency, financial markets, inflation

Overview This section discusses the relationship between a nation’s capital flows and the international use of its currency. In this connection, several writers (e.g., Black (1990) a...

Methodology for Current Account and Exchange Rate Assessments

Methodology for Current Account and Exchange Rate Assessments »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): G. Kincaid , Martin Fetherston , Peter Isard , and Hamid Faruqee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060814.084

ISBN: 9781589060814

Keywords: Current account balances, Exchange rates, current account, exchange rate, current account positions, real exchange rate

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