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Are Remittances Good for Labor Markets in LICs, MICs and Fragile States?

Are Remittances Good for Labor Markets in LICs, MICs and Fragile States? »

Source: Are Remittances Good for Labor Markets in LICs, MICs and Fragile States?

Volume/Issue: 2018/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph Chami , Ekkehard Ernst , Connel Fullenkamp , and Anne Oeking

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484353615

Keywords: Labor markets, Inclusive growth, Remittances, Low income countries, fragile countries, middle income countries, Dutch Disease, Factor Income Distribution

We present cross-country evidence on the impact of remittances on labor market outcomes. Remittances appear to have a strong impact on both labor supply and labor demand in recipient countries. These effects are hi...

Capital Controls and the Cost of Debt

Capital Controls and the Cost of Debt »

Source: Capital Controls and the Cost of Debt

Volume/Issue: 2017/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenia Andreasen , Martin Schindler , and Patricio Valenzuela

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 2017

ISBN: 9781484303313

Keywords: Capital account restrictions; Credit spreads; Financial instability; Financial openness, General, General, General, General

Using a panel data set for international corporate bonds and capital account restrictions in advanced and emerging economies, we show that restrictions on capital inflows produce a substantial and economically mean...

Commodity-based Sovereign Wealth Funds

Commodity-based Sovereign Wealth Funds »

Source: Commodity-based Sovereign Wealth Funds : Managing Financial Flows in the Context of the Sovereign Balance Sheet

Volume/Issue: 2018/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdullah Al-Hassan , Sue Brake , Michael Papaioannou , and Martin Skancke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2018

ISBN: 9781484340967

Keywords: International financial markets, Risk management, Sovereign wealth funds, sovereign asset and liability management, financing gap, investment management, macroeconomic coordination, Portfolio Choice

Commodity-based sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) have been at a crossroads following the recent fall in commodity prices. This paper provides a framework for commodity-based SWF management, focusing on stabilization a...

Cross-border Banking and the Circumvention of Macroprudential and Capital Control Measures

Cross-border Banking and the Circumvention of Macroprudential and Capital Control Measures »

Volume/Issue: 2018/217

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , and Haonan Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378328.001

ISBN: 9781484378328

Keywords: Cross-Border Banking Flows, Macroprudential Policies, Capital Controls

We analyze the joint impact of macroprudential and capital control measures on cross-border banking flows, while controlling for multidimensional aspects in lender-and-borrower-relationships (e.g., distance, cultur...

Cross-border Banking and the Circumvention of Macroprudential and Capital Control Measures

Cross-border Banking and the Circumvention of Macroprudential and Capital Control Measures »

Source: Cross-border Banking and the Circumvention of Macroprudential and Capital Control Measures

Volume/Issue: 2018/217

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , and Haonan Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484378328

Keywords: Cross-Border Banking Flows, Macroprudential Policies, Capital Controls

We analyze the joint impact of macroprudential and capital control measures on cross-border banking flows, while controlling for multidimensional aspects in lender-and-borrower-relationships (e.g., distance, cultur...

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account1

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account1 »

Source: Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account

Volume/Issue: 2018/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Chi Dao , and Callum Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484385906

Keywords: Pensions, Demographic indicators, Current account balances, Current account surpluses, Capital flows, Aging, Demographics, Current Account Flows, External Imbalances, General

Building on the evolving literature on the topic, this paper reviews the relationship between demographics and long-run capital flows in both theory and in the data. For this purpose, we develop a two region overla...

Deposit Insurance, Remittances, and Dollarization

Deposit Insurance, Remittances, and Dollarization »

Source: Deposit Insurance, Remittances, and Dollarization : Survey-Based Evidence from a Top Remittance-Receiving Country

Volume/Issue: 2017/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Grigorian , and Maxym Kryshko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2017

ISBN: 9781484300718

Keywords: Remittances, Tajikistan, Middle East, Deposit insurance, Dollarization, Government Policy and Regulation

The paper uses a unique survey of remittance-receiving individuals from Tajikistan to study the impact of policy awareness on consumer behavior. The results show that knowledge of deposit insurance encourages the u...

The Drivers of Capital Flows in Emerging Markets Post Global Financial Crisis

The Drivers of Capital Flows in Emerging Markets Post Global Financial Crisis »

Source: The Drivers of Capital Flows in Emerging Markets Post Global Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2017/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Swarnali Ahmed Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475586121

Keywords: Capital flows, emerging market economies, General

Using a sample of 34 emerging markets and developing economies over the period 2009Q3-2015Q4, the paper employs a panel framework to study the determinants of capital flows, both net and gross, across a wide range...

Education Systems and Foreign Direct Investment

Education Systems and Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: Education Systems and Foreign Direct Investment : Does External Efficiency Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2017/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elise Wendlassida Miningou , and Sampawende Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475590234

Keywords: Human capital, FDI, Education System, External Efficiency, Education and Economic Development

This paper examines the effect of the efficiency of the education system on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). First, it focuses on the external efficiency and applies a frontier-based measure as a proxy of the abili...

Effective Trade Costs and the Current Account: An Empirical Analysis

Effective Trade Costs and the Current Account: An Empirical Analysis »

Source: Effective Trade Costs and the Current Account: An Empirical Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emine Boz , Nan Li , and Hongrui Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484392171

Keywords: Global imbalances, Current account, trade costs, structural gravity model, comparative advantage, trade restrictiveness, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Open Economy Macroeconomics

A view receiving increased support is that the height of trade costs in prime export sectors has a strong effect on current account balances: countries specializing in sectors that face relatively high trade costs,...