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Fiscal Expansion and External Current Account Balance

Fiscal Expansion and External Current Account Balance »

Volume/Issue: 1988/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451948622.001

ISBN: 9781451948622

Keywords: current account, balance of payments, bonds, government debt, international reserves

This paper analyzes, in a general equilibrium framework, how fiscal policy transmits its effects to the current account of the balance of payments. In discussing the role of fiscal policies in the Fund’s sta...

Macroeconomic Policies and the Balance of Payments in Pakistan
			: 1972-1986

Macroeconomic Policies and the Balance of Payments in Pakistan : 1972-1986 »

Volume/Issue: 1990/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451956085.001

ISBN: 9781451956085

Keywords: balance of payments, current account, current account deficit, current account balance, exchange rate policy

This paper describes developments in the balance of payments of Pakistan during 1972-86, focusing particularly on the factors that gave rise to external payments problems and the macroeconomics policies that were a...

The Current Account in Perspective
			: Lessons from the Italian Experience

The Current Account in Perspective : Lessons from the Italian Experience »

Volume/Issue: 1990/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451977752.001

ISBN: 9781451977752

Keywords: current account, balance of payments, current account deficit, current account deficits, capital account

This paper draws some lessons about policies toward the current account from Italy’s balance of payments history between 1960 and 1988. The key role of speculative capital flows during every major episode of...

The Effects of Currency Substitutionon the Response of the Current Account to Supply Shocks

The Effects of Currency Substitutionon the Response of the Current Account to Supply Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 1988/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451929454.001

ISBN: 9781451929454

Keywords: current account, balance of payments, oil shock, current account surplus, oil prices

Standard real models predict that a permanent increase in oil prices would result in a current account surplus. This is due to the fact that investment falls while saving remains unchanged. This paper shows that if...

The Meaning of Balance of Payments Statistics in an Interdependent World

The Meaning of Balance of Payments Statistics in an Interdependent World »

Volume/Issue: 1994/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jack Bame

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451933260.001

ISBN: 9781451933260

Keywords: balance of payments, balance of payments manual, balance of payments accounts, domestic production, balance of payments statistics

The relevance of the standard measures of international transactions in goods and services as reflected in the fifth edition of the IMF Balance of Payments Manual (BPM) and in the 1993 System of National Accounts (...

The Role of Stock Markets in Current Account Dynamics
			: a Time-Series Approach

The Role of Stock Markets in Current Account Dynamics : a Time-Series Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2004/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benoît Mercereau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847000.001

ISBN: 9781451847000

Keywords: current account deficits, domestic agents, current account dynamics, balance of payments

This paper develops a simple model to study the impact of stock markets on the current account. A closed-form solution for the current account is derived from the optimal portfolio and consumption/saving choices of...

The Two Monetary Approaches to the Balance of Payments
			: Keynesian and Johnsonian

The Two Monetary Approaches to the Balance of Payments : Keynesian and Johnsonian »

Volume/Issue: 2001/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): J. Polak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852400.001

ISBN: 9781451852400

Keywords: Monetary approach to the balance of payments, monetarism, monetary approach, money supply, monetary fund, demand for money, History of Thought: Macroeconomics, History of Thought: Individuals, Model Construction and Estimation, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General

This paper emphasizes the distinction between two ‘monetary approaches to the balance of payments’, one developed in the IMF, the other under the leadership of Harry Johnson in Chicago. The IMF approa...

1 Import Liberalization, Exchange Rate Management, and Capital Flows

1 Import Liberalization, Exchange Rate Management, and Capital Flows »

Source: Structural Adjustment and Macroeconomic Policy Issues

Series: Books

Author(s): V. Jafarey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1992

ISBN: 9781557753021

Keywords: privatization, monetary policy, inflation, financial sector, balance of payments

Qazi M. Alimullah 1 Trade and exchange r...

Increasing private capital flows to LDCs: The Bank’s proposed multilateral investment guarantee agency

Increasing private capital flows to LDCs: The Bank’s proposed multilateral investment guarantee agency »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1984

Volume/Issue: 21/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1984

ISBN: 9781616353599

Keywords: balance of payments, domestic savings, income distribution, aggregate demand, external borrowing

This paper reviews the increasing private capital flows to less developed countries. The share of developing countries in the foreign direct investment is small, perhaps less than 30 percent of the total. The effec...

Innovative Financial Instruments and Capital Flow Discrepancies

Innovative Financial Instruments and Capital Flow Discrepancies »

Source: Report on the Measurement of International Capital Flows : Background Papers

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1992

ISBN: 9781557753205

Keywords: direct investment, international capital flows, balance of payments, international capital

This paper reviews the measurement of international capital flows and investment positions, and the problems that stem from the rapid innovations in financial derivatives and hedgin...