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Chapter 4. Getting the Balance Right: Transitioning out of Sustained Current Account Surpluses

Chapter 4. Getting the Balance Right: Transitioning out of Sustained Current Account Surpluses »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2010 : Rebalancing Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2010

ISBN: 9781589069152

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, current account, current account surplus

Global imbalances narrowed during the crisis, but a strong and balanced recovery requires that this narrowing be made more durable. Before the crisis, a number of economies experienced large and persistent c...

Consumption Smoothing and the Current Account

Consumption Smoothing and the Current Account »

Source: Consumption Smoothing and the Current Account : Evidence for France, 1970-1994

Volume/Issue: 1995/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Claude Bismut , Paul Cashin , C. McDermott , and Pierre-Richard Agénor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1995

ISBN: 9781451940237

Keywords: current account balance, current account surplus, current account deficit, current account surpluses

This paper estimates a simple consumption-smoothing model of the French current account, and examines its capacity to predict recent developments in France’s external performance. The model views the current...

Current Account and Precautionary Savings for Exporters of Exhaustible Resources1

Current Account and Precautionary Savings for Exporters of Exhaustible Resources1 »

Source: Current Account and Precautionary Savings for Exporters of Exhaustible Resources

Volume/Issue: 2009/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451871807

Keywords: resources, current account balance, current account balances, current account surpluses

Exporters of exhaustible resources have historically exhibited higher income volatility than other economies, suggesting a heightened role for precautionary savings. This paper uses a parameterized small open econo...

Current Account Deficits in Rich Countries

Current Account Deficits in Rich Countries »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 54, No. 2

Volume: 54

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2007

ISBN: 9781589066502

Keywords: current account, current account deficit, current account deficits, current account surplus, current account surpluses, Benchmarking (finance), Bond Market, Business Cycles. Econometric Models, Consumption (economics), Default (finance)

Vol. 54, No. 2 includes three notable contributions from the Seventh Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference (ARC) hosted by the IMF in November 2006. Its lead paper, by Olivier Blanchard of Harvard University, is...

Current Account Dynamics

Current Account Dynamics »

Source: Current Account Dynamics : The Role of Real Shocks

Volume/Issue: 1989/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 1989

ISBN: 9781451955378

Keywords: current account, current account surplus, current account position, current account dynamics

This paper demonstrates how a full-blown optimizing model of the dynamics of the current account can be reduced to a small-scale collection of reduced-form relations capable of implementing a rich set of macro-econ...

Current Account Imbalances

Current Account Imbalances »

Source: Current Account Imbalances : Can Structural Policies Make a Difference?

Volume/Issue: 2012/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937799

Keywords: structural policies, imbalances, current account balance, current accounts, current account surplus,

The discussion of global and regional imbalances has put the spotlight on the possible link between current accounts and structural policies. Drawing on standard empirical current account models, the paper finds th...

Current Account Norms in Natural Resource Rich and Capital Scarce Economies

Current Account Norms in Natural Resource Rich and Capital Scarce Economies »

Source: Current Account Norms in Natural Resource Rich and Capital Scarce Economies

Volume/Issue: 2013/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juliana Araujo , Bin Li , Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484396032

Keywords: External Sustainability, Developing Economies, current account balances, current account balance, current account deficits, current account surpluses, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Cooperative Enterprises,

The permanent income hypothesis implies that frictionless open economies with exhaustible natural resources should save abroad most of their resource windfalls and, therefore, feature current account surpluses. Res...

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account1

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account1 »

Source: Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account

Volume/Issue: 2018/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Chi Dao , and Callum Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484385906

Keywords: Pensions, Demographic indicators, Current account balances, Current account surpluses, Capital flows, Aging, Demographics, Current Account Flows, External Imbalances, General

Building on the evolving literature on the topic, this paper reviews the relationship between demographics and long-run capital flows in both theory and in the data. For this purpose, we develop a two region overla...

Do Capital Flows Reflect Economic Fundamentals in Developing Countries?

Do Capital Flows Reflect Economic Fundamentals in Developing Countries? »

Source: Do Capital Flows Reflect Economic Fundamentals in Developing Countries?

Volume/Issue: 1993/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , and Jonathan Ostry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1993

ISBN: 9781451978827

Keywords: current account, current account deficit, current account balances, current account surplus, debt crisis

This paper proposes a methodology for testing whether capital flows to developing countries are determined by economic fundamentals or by purely speculative forces. We use the intertemporal optimizing approach to c...

The Effects of Currency Substitutionon the Response of the Current Account to Supply Shocks

The Effects of Currency Substitutionon the Response of the Current Account to Supply Shocks »

Source: The Effects of Currency Substitutionon the Response of the Current Account to Supply Shocks

Volume/Issue: 1988/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451929454

Keywords: current account, balance of payments, oil shock, current account surplus, oil prices

Standard real models predict that a permanent increase in oil prices would result in a current account surplus. This is due to the fact that investment falls while saving remains unchanged. This paper shows that if...