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Fiscal Monitor, April 2019

Curbing Corruption

The April 2019 edition of Fiscal Monitor is focused on two broad themes: fiscal policy in a fast-changing global economy and curbing corruption.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017

Promoting Inclusive Growth

How to get global growth going again through trade, productivity, reducing inequality, and promoting women's economic empowerment.

Chapter 8 Balances of Payments of Selected Countries

Chapter 8 Balances of Payments of Selected Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1965

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1965

ISBN: 9781616351779

Keywords: balance of payments, gold, repurchases, current account, debt renegotiation

IMPORTANT developments in the balances of payments of several major industrial countries during the past year make it desirable to examine these in more detail. In this chapter an a...

Chapter 4. Brazil’s Experience in Managing Capital Inflows: The Role of Capital Controls

Chapter 4. Brazil’s Experience in Managing Capital Inflows: The Role of Capital Controls »

Source: Managing Economic Volatility in Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): R. Gelos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2014

ISBN: 9781484364987

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, inflation, current account, dutch disease

This chapter presents Brazil’s experience in managing capital flows. It discusses the Brazilian authorities’ use of a broad range of instruments to deal with capital inflows, including foreign exchange (FX)...

Chapter 3. Estimating Current Account Norms in Latin American Emerging Markets: A Quantile Regression Approach

Chapter 3. Estimating Current Account Norms in Latin American Emerging Markets: A Quantile Regression Approach »

Source: Managing Economic Volatility in Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): R. Gelos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2014

ISBN: 9781484364987

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, inflation, current account, dutch disease

A key tool to assess the equilibrium exchange rate is based on the estimation of the savings-investment balance (current account norms). These norms are projected on a set of macroeconomic fundamentals and d...

Chapter 3. Financing Temporary Balance of Payments Needs

Chapter 3. Financing Temporary Balance of Payments Needs »

Source: International Monetary Fund Handbook : Its Functions, Policies, and Operations

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Parmeshwar Ramlogan , and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066250

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, standards, credit tranche, hipc initiative

According to Article I of the IMF’s Articles of Agreement, the purposes of the IMF include making the resources of the IMF temporarily available to member countries under adequate safeguards to provide an op...

Chapter 10. Fiscal Policy and the Current Account in Microstates

Chapter 10. Fiscal Policy and the Current Account in Microstates »

Source: Caribbean Renewal : Tackling Fiscal and Debt Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Amo Yartey , and Therese Turner-Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484369142

Keywords: public debt, debt reduction, fiscal consolidation, debt restructuring, fiscal policy

This chapter examines the empirical link between fiscal policy and the current account focusing on microstates, defined as countries with a population of less than 2 million between...

Chapter 26. Foreign Investment in Government Debt

Chapter 26. Foreign Investment in Government Debt »

Source: Building Integrated Economies in West Africa : Lessons in Managing Growth, Inclusiveness, and Volatility

Series: Books

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513511832

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Monetary unions, West African Economic and Monetary Union, West African Monetary Union, Inclusive growth, Currency unions, tax, monetary policy, market, interest

Foreign investment in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) remains limited. Even government debt, the least risky investment instrument, attracts very little attention from nonre...

Chapter 9. Global Financial Shocks and Gross Capital Flows in Latin America

Chapter 9. Global Financial Shocks and Gross Capital Flows in Latin America »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Global financial markets have been a source of sizable shocks over the past decade, with broad repercussions across emerging markets. Stark examples are the crisis triggered by the...

Chapter 24. Montenegro: Riding the Capital Flow Roller Coaster

Chapter 24. Montenegro: Riding the Capital Flow Roller Coaster »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

In its brief history since independence in 2006, Montenegro has been buffeted by strong, and sequentially opposing, external shocks. The postindependence boom, on th...

Chapter 15. Relieving Constraints on the Business Environment and Supporting Foreign Direct Investment

Chapter 15. Relieving Constraints on the Business Environment and Supporting Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: Race to the Next Income Frontier : How Senegal and Other Low-Income Countries Can Reach the Finish Line

Series: Books

Author(s): Ali Mansoor , Salifou Issoufou , and Daouda Sembene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484303139

Keywords: Debt sustainability, Economic growth, Economic reforms, Poverty reduction, Senegal, Gross domestric product growth, Inclusive growth, Output growth, Plan Senegal Emergent, growth rate

Introduction A country’s business environment may be defined as the set of political, legal, institutional, and regulatory conditions governing corporate activities. It is a subset o...

chapter 14 Selected Issues in Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Analysis

chapter 14 Selected Issues in Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Analysis »

Source: Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2010

ISBN: 9781589068124

Keywords: debt, liabilities, payments, direct investment, interest

A. Introduction 14.1 This chapter provides an introduction to the use of balance of payments and international investment position...