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The United States
			: Japan Current Account Imbalance:  A Review

The United States : Japan Current Account Imbalance: A Review »

Volume/Issue: 1994/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451970708.003

ISBN: 9781451970708

Keywords: exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, trade flows, real exchange rates

This paper reviews the macroeconomic and microeconomic dimensions of the United States-Japan conflict over trade. From a macroeconomic perspective, there is nothing surprising about Japan’s surpluses, given...

Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies
			: Coping with Transition, Capital Inflows, and EU Accession

Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies : Coping with Transition, Capital Inflows, and EU Accession »

Volume/Issue: 2000/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974119.003

ISBN: 9781451974119

Keywords: Estonia, Exchange rate regimes, European Union, Capital inflows, Czech Republic, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Transition economies

Since beginning economic transition, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia have—with much success—employed diverse exchange rate regimes. As these countries approach EU accession,...

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows »

Volume/Issue: 2011/14

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Karl Habermeier , Annamaria Kokenyne , and Chikako Baba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902896.006

ISBN: 9781463902896

Keywords: Emerging markets, Exchange rate appreciation, Cross country analysis, Credit expansion, Capital controls, Capital inflows, Risk management, Macroprudential Policy, financial regulation, macroprudential policies

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced?

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462384860.006

ISBN: 9781462384860

Keywords: global imbalances, current account, exchange rates, current account deficits, current account surpluses, exchange rate, current account deficit, Account Balances Be Reduced?,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

International Capital Flow Pressures

International Capital Flow Pressures »

Volume/Issue: 2018/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Linda Goldberg , and Signe Krogstrup

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484341803.001

ISBN: 9781484341803

Keywords: Exchange Market Pressure; Risk aversion; Safe haven; Capital flows; Exchange Rate; Foreign Exchange Reserves, Exchange Market Pressure, Risk aversion, Safe haven, Capital flows, Exchange Rate, Foreign Exchange Reserves, Portfolio Choice, General

This paper presents a new measure of capital flow pressures in the form of a recast Exchange Market Pressure index. The measure captures pressures that materialize in actual international capital flows as well as p...

International Capital Flow Pressures

International Capital Flow Pressures »

Source: International Capital Flow Pressures

Volume/Issue: 2018/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Linda Goldberg , and Signe Krogstrup

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 February 2018

ISBN: 9781484341803

Keywords: Exchange Market Pressure; Risk aversion; Safe haven; Capital flows; Exchange Rate; Foreign Exchange Reserves, Exchange Market Pressure, Risk aversion, Safe haven, Capital flows, Exchange Rate, Foreign Exchange Reserves, Portfolio Choice, General

This paper presents a new measure of capital flow pressures in the form of a recast Exchange Market Pressure index. The measure captures pressures that materialize in actual international capital flows as well as p...

IV Debt–and Non-Debt-Creating Capital Flows

IV Debt–and Non-Debt-Creating Capital Flows »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1992-97

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Luis Valdivieso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557757807

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, external debt

The experience of the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union in financing their persistently large and, in many cases, growing external imbalances, has been quite diverse even though...

IV Foreign Direct Investment

IV Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

From the start of the transition, foreign direct investment (FDI) was expected to play a key role in upgrading the country’s infrastructure and productive capacity. It has indeed played that role. Disburseme...

IV. Foreign Direct Investment and the Exchange Rate

IV. Foreign Direct Investment and the Exchange Rate »

Source: Exchange Rate Movements and Their Impact on Trade and Investment in the APEC Region

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Takatoshi Ito , Tamim Bayoumi , Peter Isard , and Steven Symansky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756008

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fdi, real exchange rate, real exchange rates

Foreign direct investment (FDI) represents the acquisition by foreign residents of a controlling claim on firms (through equity) or on real estate, or further investment in an enterprise so controlled....

IV Implications of the Reduced Effectiveness of Capital Controls

IV Implications of the Reduced Effectiveness of Capital Controls »

Source: Liberalization of the Capital Account : Experiences and Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Liliana Rojas-Suárez , and Donald Mathieson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752802

Keywords: capital controls, exchange rate, capital account convertibility, capital flows, capital inflows

As structural changes in the international financial system and other factors have reduced the ability of capital controls to insulate domestic financial market conditions from those in external markets, the...