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III Foreign Direct Investment

III Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: Determinants and Systemic Consequences of International Capital Flows

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): D. Folkerts-Landau , Donald Mathieson , Morris Goldstein , Liliana Rojas-Suárez , José Saúl Lizondo , and Timothy Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1991

ISBN: 9781557752055

Keywords: direct investment, foreign direct investment, payments, credit, capital flows

Foreign direct investment has long been a subject of interest. This interest has been renewed in recent years for a number of reasons. One of them is the rapid growth in global foreign direct investment flow...

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures
			: Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures : Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2008/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Bikas Joshi , Manuela Goretti , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Atish Ghosh , and Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451945997.003

ISBN: 9781451945997

Keywords: Economic policy, Balance of payments, Capital inflows, Capital flows, Developing countries, Policy Discussion Paper, policy responses, current account, exchange rate,

Although capital inflows are generally beneficial to recipient countries, they also pose a challenge for the conduct of economic policy. This paper proposes a conceptual taxonomy to guide the design of policy respo...

Model of the U.S. Current Account

Model of the U.S. Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 1988/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981544.001

ISBN: 9781451981544

Keywords: current account, current account balance, investment income, export prices, balance of payments

This paper presents an econometric model of U.S. current account transactions. The model is used to analyze the factors behind the deterioration in the U.S. external position during the 1980s and to examine the sen...

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2009/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872811.001

ISBN: 9781451872811

Keywords: Balance of payments anti-crises, inflation dynamics, foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation targeting,

Several emerging economies have, until recently, experienced large government surpluses and accelerating foreign exchange reserve accumulation. This has been accompanied by economic booms, exchange rate appreciatio...

Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting

Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting »

Volume/Issue: 2007/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shujing Li , Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866483.001

ISBN: 9781451866483

Keywords: Balance of payments crisis, exchange rate targeting, flow speculative attack, inflation, exchange rate,

This paper analyzes a small open economy model under inflation targeting. It shows why such a monetary regime is vulnerable to speculative attacks that take place over a short period rather than instantaneously. Th...

Consumption-Based Interest Rate and the Present-Value Model of the Current Account-Evidence from Nigeria

Consumption-Based Interest Rate and the Present-Value Model of the Current Account-Evidence from Nigeria »

Volume/Issue: 2001/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851656.001

ISBN: 9781451851656

Keywords: Present-value model, consumption-based interest rate, current account, current account balance, current accounts, external shocks, balance of payments, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper presents a model of current account determination, based upon the permanent-income hypothesis. A present-value relationship among the current account, changes in net output, the exchange rate and the ter...

Current Accounts
			: What Is Their Relevance for Economic Policymaking?

Current Accounts : What Is Their Relevance for Economic Policymaking? »

Volume/Issue: 1998/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabio Scacciavillani , and Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849219.001

ISBN: 9781451849219

Keywords: current account sustainability, current account balance, current account deficit, balance of payments, current account position

This paper surveys the main theoretical approaches for analyzing movements in the current account of the balance of payments, from the Mundell-Fleming paradigm to modern intertemporal approaches. It discusses the m...

Effects of Volatile Asset Priceson Balance of Payments and International Investment Position

Effects of Volatile Asset Priceson Balance of Payments and International Investment Position »

Volume/Issue: 2000/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Committeri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859706.001

ISBN: 9781451859706

Keywords: Balance of payments, International investment position, Statistical accuracy, Errors and omissions, Volatility, Capital flight, exchange rates, statistics, equation, exchange rate

This paper aims at clarifying, with the help of a simple formal model and numerical examples, several aspects of the relationship between international investment position (IIP) and balance of payments (BOP) statis...

Fiscal Expansion and External Current Account Balance

Fiscal Expansion and External Current Account Balance »

Volume/Issue: 1988/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451948622.001

ISBN: 9781451948622

Keywords: current account, balance of payments, bonds, government debt, international reserves

This paper analyzes, in a general equilibrium framework, how fiscal policy transmits its effects to the current account of the balance of payments. In discussing the role of fiscal policies in the Fund’s sta...

Macroeconomic Policies and the Balance of Payments in Pakistan
			: 1972-1986

Macroeconomic Policies and the Balance of Payments in Pakistan : 1972-1986 »

Volume/Issue: 1990/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451956085.001

ISBN: 9781451956085

Keywords: balance of payments, current account, current account deficit, current account balance, exchange rate policy

This paper describes developments in the balance of payments of Pakistan during 1972-86, focusing particularly on the factors that gave rise to external payments problems and the macroeconomics policies that were a...