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Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

Balance of Payments Stabilization Policies in the Dependent Economy and their Short-Run Impacton Economic Activity

Balance of Payments Stabilization Policies in the Dependent Economy and their Short-Run Impacton Economic Activity »

Volume/Issue: 1988/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 May 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974478.001

ISBN: 9781451974478

Keywords: excess demand, domestic credit, excess supply, foreign exchange, bank financing

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Capital Controls and the Cost of Debt

Capital Controls and the Cost of Debt »

Volume/Issue: 2017/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenia Andreasen , Martin Schindler , and Patricio Valenzuela

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303313.001

ISBN: 9781484303313

Keywords: Capital account restrictions; Credit spreads; Financial instability; Financial openness, General, General, General, General

Using a panel data set for international corporate bonds and capital account restrictions in advanced and emerging economies, we show that restrictions on capital inflows produce a substantial and economically mean...

Capital Flows and Their Macroeconomic Effects in India

Capital Flows and Their Macroeconomic Effects in India »

Volume/Issue: 2001/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Renu Kohli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859768.001

ISBN: 9781451859768

Keywords: real exchange rate, sterilization, capital controls, capital inflows, exchange rate, foreign capital, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Policy

This paper documents trends in movement and composition of capital flows into India in a comparative perspective, examines the impact of these flows upon key macroeconomic variables in the economy, and dwells on im...

Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems

Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems »

Volume/Issue: 2015/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Deniz Igan , and Zhibo Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513581262.001

ISBN: 9781513581262

Keywords: Financial development, Financial structure, credit growth, financial system, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

Exploiting a granular panel dataset that breaks down capital inflows into FDI, portfolio and other categories, and distinguishes between credit to the household sector and to the corporate sector, we investigate th...

Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms

Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms »

Volume/Issue: 2012/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Magud , Esteban Vesperoni , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463936426.001

ISBN: 9781463936426

Keywords: foreign currency loans, financial regulation, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems,

The prospects of expansionary monetary policies in the advanced countries for the foreseeable future have renewed the debate over policy options to cope with large capital inflows that are, at least partly, driven...

Capital Inflows, Financial Development, and Domestic Investment
			: Determinants and Inter-Relationships

Capital Inflows, Financial Development, and Domestic Investment : Determinants and Inter-Relationships »

Volume/Issue: 2012/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicola Spatafora , and Oana Luca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503494.001

ISBN: 9781475503494

Keywords: Financial Development, Investment, domestic credit, private capital inflows, cost of capital, private capital

We examine determinants of, and interactions between, capital inflows, financial development, and domestic investment in developing countries during 2001-07, a period of surging global liquidity and low interest ra...

Capital Inflows, Sterilization, and Commercial Bank Speculation
			: The Case of the Czech Republic in the Mid-1990's

Capital Inflows, Sterilization, and Commercial Bank Speculation : The Case of the Czech Republic in the Mid-1990's »

Volume/Issue: 2004/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jakob Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875171.001

ISBN: 9781451875171

Keywords: sterilization, exchange rate policy, Czech Republic, domestic credit, monetary policy, short-term capital inflows, monetary fund

The paper analyzes the relationship between large-scale capital inflows and sterilization efforts in the Czech Republic during 1993–96 using a vector autoregression (VAR) model, which consists of domestic cr...

How Important is the Global Financial Cycle? Evidence from Capital Flows

How Important is the Global Financial Cycle? Evidence from Capital Flows »

Volume/Issue: 2017/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Stijn Claessens , and Andrew Rose

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484316603.001

ISBN: 9781484316603

Keywords: Capital flows, Globalization, Monetary policy, Financial cycles, Panel analysis, Cross-country analysis, Capital market volatility, empirical; data; center; country; panel; fit; VIX; equity; bonds; FDI; credit, empirical, data

This study quantifies the importance of a Global Financial Cycle (GFCy) for capital flows. We use capital flow data dis-aggregated by direction and type between 1990Q1 and 2015Q5 for 85 countries, and conventional...

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Ranciere , Nathaniel Throckmorton , Michael Kumhof , Claire Lebarz , and Alexander Richter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463930578.001

ISBN: 9781463930578

Keywords: Current account imbalances, income inequality; financial liberalization., current account, current account deficit, private credit, current account balance, Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances, Financial Liberalization,

This paper studies the empirical and theoretical link between increases in income inequality and increases in current account deficits. Cross-sectional econometric evidence shows that higher top income shares, and...

Speculative Attacks and Models of Balance of Payments Crises

Speculative Attacks and Models of Balance of Payments Crises »

Volume/Issue: 1991/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood , Jagdeep Bhandari , and Pierre-Richard Agénor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852189.001

ISBN: 9781451852189

Keywords: exchange rate, domestic credit, speculative attack, real exchange rate, fixed exchange rate, Speculative Attacks,

This paper reviews recent developments in the theoretical and empirical analysis of balance-of-payments crises. A simple analytical model highlighting the process leading to such crises is first developed. The basi...