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Chapter 5: Economic Policies and Balance of Payments Adjustment

Chapter 5: Economic Policies and Balance of Payments Adjustment »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1971

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1971

ISBN: 9781616351830

Keywords: balance of payments, gold, foreign trade, repurchases, current account

Introduction THE financial policies of the industrial countries, which had been generally restrictive during 1969, became more restrictive in several countries during...

Chapter 3. Estimating Current Account Norms in Latin American Emerging Markets: A Quantile Regression Approach

Chapter 3. Estimating Current Account Norms in Latin American Emerging Markets: A Quantile Regression Approach »

Source: Managing Economic Volatility in Latin America

Series: Books

Author(s): R. Gelos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2014

ISBN: 9781484364987

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, inflation, current account, dutch disease

A key tool to assess the equilibrium exchange rate is based on the estimation of the savings-investment balance (current account norms). These norms are projected on a set of macroeconomic fundamentals and d...

Chapter 2. (Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced?

Chapter 2. (Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced? »

Source: Global Rebalancing : A Roadmap for Economic Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475573664

Keywords: current account, public debt, public finances, fiscal consolidation, financial sector

This chapter looks to answer two complex questions. First, why might a country want to reduce its current account deficit or surplus? And second, why might the international community ask the country to do e...

Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in the G-7 Countries

Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in the G-7 Countries »

Source: Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in the G-7 Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Menzie Chinn , and Jaewoo Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451855203

Keywords: real exchange rate, intertemporal models, permanent and temporary shocks, exchange rate, current account balance, exchange rates, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The canonical predictions of intertemporal open-economy macro models are tested by a structural VAR analysis of Group of Seven countries. The analysis is distinguished from the previous literature in that it adopts...

Current Account Deficits in Rich Countries

Current Account Deficits in Rich Countries »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 54, No. 2

Volume: 54

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2007

ISBN: 9781589066502

Keywords: current account, current account deficit, current account deficits, current account surplus, current account surpluses, Benchmarking (finance), Bond Market, Business Cycles. Econometric Models, Consumption (economics), Default (finance)

Vol. 54, No. 2 includes three notable contributions from the Seventh Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference (ARC) hosted by the IMF in November 2006. Its lead paper, by Olivier Blanchard of Harvard University, is...

Current Account Reversals and Currency Crises

Current Account Reversals and Currency Crises »

Source: Current Account Reversals and Currency Crises : Empirical Regularities

Volume/Issue: 1998/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451952421

Keywords: currency crisis, current account reversal, growth, real exchange rate, current account deficits, currency crises, current account balance, current account reversals

This paper studies large reductions in current account deficits and exchange rate depreciations in low- and middle-income countries. It examines which factors help predict the occurrence of a reversal or a currency...

Current Account Sustainability

Current Account Sustainability »

Source: Current Account Sustainability : Selected East Asian and Latin American Experiences

Volume/Issue: 1996/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Assaf Razin , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1996

ISBN: 9781451853292

Keywords: current account, current account deficits, capital inflows, external debt, capital flows

A number of developing countries have run large and persistent current account deficits in both the late seventies/early eighties and in the early nineties, raising the issue of whether these persistent imbalances...

18 Does the Current Account Matter?

18 Does the Current Account Matter? »

Source: International Financial Policy : Essays in honor of Jacques J. Polak

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557751966

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, current account, exchange rates, inflation

In this paper I shall contrast the “old view” and the “new view” of the current account. I subscribe to the new view, but I shall devote much of this paper to exploring possible qualifications to it. Given t...

3 Empirical Analysis of the Current Account1

3 Empirical Analysis of the Current Account1 »

Source: External Performance in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , Lone Engbo Christiansen , Stephen Tokarick , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

ISBN: 9781616350536

Keywords: External sector, Low-income developing countries, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets

This chapter analyzes the medium-term relationship between the current account and a set of fundamentals. Following the existing literature, the estimations consist of ordinary least squares or fixed-effect...

Fiscal Deficits and Balance of Payments Disequilibrium in IMF Adjustment Programs*

Fiscal Deficits and Balance of Payments Disequilibrium in IMF Adjustment Programs* »

Source: Adjustment, Conditionality, and International Financing : Papers Presented at the Seminar on "The Role of the International Monetary Fund in the Adjustment Process" held in Vina del Mar, Chile, April 5-8, 1983

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1984

ISBN: 9780939934287

Keywords: balance of payments, exchange rate, current account, international reserves, central bank

CONCEPT OF FISCAL DEFICIT One of the most important and lasting contributions of J. M. Keynes’s thought to the development of modem economic theory has been the central role he assig...