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(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced?

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462384860.006

ISBN: 9781462384860

Keywords: global imbalances, current account, exchange rates, current account deficits, current account surpluses, exchange rate, current account deficit, Account Balances Be Reduced?,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Are Australia's Current Account Deficits Excessive?

Are Australia's Current Account Deficits Excessive? »

Volume/Issue: 1996/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): C. McDermott , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850703.001

ISBN: 9781451850703

Keywords: current account, current account deficit, current account deficits, external borrowing, current account balance

This paper compares the evolution of the Australian current account balance over the period 1954–94 against an optimal current account derived from a consumption-smoothing model. The findings indicate that t...

Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in the G-7 Countries

Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in the G-7 Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2002/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Menzie Chinn , and Jaewoo Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855203.001

ISBN: 9781451855203

Keywords: real exchange rate, intertemporal models, permanent and temporary shocks, exchange rate, current account balance, exchange rates, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The canonical predictions of intertemporal open-economy macro models are tested by a structural VAR analysis of Group of Seven countries. The analysis is distinguished from the previous literature in that it adopts...

Current Account Deficits, External Liabilities and Economic Policy

Current Account Deficits, External Liabilities and Economic Policy »

Volume/Issue: 1992/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): J. Pitchford

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847437.001

ISBN: 9781451847437

Keywords: current account, current account deficit, current account balance, current account deficits, foreign debt

This paper assesses the policy significance of foreign liabilities and the current account deficits that give rise to them. Current account imbalances are shown to have some capacity to indicate difficulties elsewh...

Current Account Sustainability
			: Selected East Asian and Latin American Experiences

Current Account Sustainability : Selected East Asian and Latin American Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 1996/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Assaf Razin , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853292.001

ISBN: 9781451853292

Keywords: current account, current account deficits, capital inflows, external debt, capital flows

A number of developing countries have run large and persistent current account deficits in both the late seventies/early eighties and in the early nineties, raising the issue of whether these persistent imbalances...

Demographic Change in Asia
			: The Impacton Optimal National Saving, Investment, and the Current Account

Demographic Change in Asia : The Impacton Optimal National Saving, Investment, and the Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 2000/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian McDonald , Serge Bésanger , and Ross Guest

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853858.001

ISBN: 9781451853858

Keywords: Current Account Balance, Investments, Aging, Demography, national saving, consumption demands, demographic projections, age group, older people

This paper calculates the levels of optimal national saving, investment, and the current account balance for five Asian economies—Hong Kong SAR, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines—for the...

Macroeconomic Uncertainty, Precautionary Savings and the Current Account

Macroeconomic Uncertainty, Precautionary Savings and the Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 1992/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451959048.001

ISBN: 9781451959048

Keywords: current account surplus, current account surpluses, current accounts

The relationship between current account developments and changes in the macroeconomic environment remains a key issue in open economy macroeconomics. This paper extends the standard intertemporal optimizing model...

Medium-Term Determinants of Current Accounts in Industrial and Developing Countries
			: An Empirical Exploration

Medium-Term Determinants of Current Accounts in Industrial and Developing Countries : An Empirical Exploration »

Volume/Issue: 2000/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Menzie Chinn , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846546.001

ISBN: 9781451846546

Keywords: Current account variation, structural and macroeconomic determinants, saving-investment balance, current accounts, current account balances, current account deficits, budget balance

This paper provides an empirical investigation of the medium-term determinants of current accounts for a large sample of industrial and developing countries. The analysis is based on a structural approach that high...

IV External Debt and Balance of Payments Adjustment

IV External Debt and Balance of Payments Adjustment »

Source: World Economic Outlook

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 1984

ISBN: 9781557750853

Keywords: current account, balance of payments, current account deficit, exporting countries, debt service

The external payments crisis faced by a number of developing countries in 1982 affected both the ability of some of these countries to meet their scheduled debt service obligations and the willingness of the...

IV When to Introduce Current Account Convertibility

IV When to Introduce Current Account Convertibility »

Source: Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

The appropriate time to introduce current account convertibility will normally depend on the implementation of other measures in a country’s reform program. As indicated in this section, macroeconomic stabil...