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Fiscal Monitor, April 2019

Curbing Corruption

The April 2019 edition of Fiscal Monitor is focused on two broad themes: fiscal policy in a fast-changing global economy and curbing corruption.

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

How Long Can the Unsustainable U.S. Current Account Deficit Be Sustained?

How Long Can the Unsustainable U.S. Current Account Deficit Be Sustained? »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 3

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2009

ISBN: 9781589068209

Keywords: trade openness, trade liberalization, import duties, transition economies, trade barriers

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on crosscountry analysis—which lacks transparency—or case studies—which lack statistical rigor. This paper applies a transpare...

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows »

Source: If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

Volume/Issue: 2015/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Swarnali Ahmed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

ISBN: 9781498367196

Keywords: Fed liftoffs, policy responses, policy framework, emerging market economies, interest, market, portfolio, interest rate, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

After more than six years of ultra-low interest rates, a Fed liftoff (rate hike) is just a matter of time. This paper goes back to history to understand the spillover effect - or what is termed in the paper as the...

Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies
			: Coping with Transition, Capital Inflows, and EU Accession

Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies : Coping with Transition, Capital Inflows, and EU Accession »

Volume/Issue: 2000/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974119.003

ISBN: 9781451974119

Keywords: Estonia, Exchange rate regimes, European Union, Capital inflows, Czech Republic, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Transition economies

Since beginning economic transition, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia have—with much success—employed diverse exchange rate regimes. As these countries approach EU accession,...

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972849.003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows »

Volume/Issue: 2011/14

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Karl Habermeier , Annamaria Kokenyne , and Chikako Baba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902896.006

ISBN: 9781463902896

Keywords: Emerging markets, Exchange rate appreciation, Cross country analysis, Credit expansion, Capital controls, Capital inflows, Risk management, Macroprudential Policy, financial regulation, macroprudential policies

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

The Size and Sustainability of Nigerian Current Account Deficits

The Size and Sustainability of Nigerian Current Account Deficits »

Volume/Issue: 2001/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851021.001

ISBN: 9781451851021

Keywords: Excessive current account deficits, external sustainability, current account, current account deficits, current account balance, current account deficit, current account balances, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper uses an intertemporal model of the current account and macroeconomic indicators to examine the size and sustainability of Nigerian current account deficits over the 1960-97 period. The results indicate t...

A Tradeoff between the Output and  Current Account Effects of Pension Reform

A Tradeoff between the Output and Current Account Effects of Pension Reform »

Volume/Issue: 2012/283

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mario Catalan , and Nicolas Magud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475563948.001

ISBN: 9781475563948

Keywords: Pension reform, external balance, dyamic general equilibrium model, pension, retirement, retirement age, pension benefits, benefits, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Social Security and Public Pensions,

We compare the long-term output and current account effects of pension reforms that increase the retirement age with those of reforms that cut pension benefits, conditional on reforms achieving similar fiscal targe...

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation?

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anton Korinek , and Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513506463.001

ISBN: 9781513506463

Keywords: pecuniary externalities, macroprudential regulation, inequality, exchange rate, exchange, lenders, borrowers, markets, International Lending and Debt Problems, Open Economy Macroeconomics

International capital flows can create significant financial instability in emerging economies because of pecuniary externalities associated with exchange rate movements. Does this make it optimal to impose capital...

Capital Flow Deflection

Capital Flow Deflection »

Volume/Issue: 2014/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Giordani , Michele Ruta , Hans Weisfeld , and Ling Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498383202.001

ISBN: 9781498383202

Keywords: cross-border spillovers, policy response, capital flow, capital inflow, General, International Relations and International Political Economy: General,

This paper focuses on the coordination problem among borrowing countries imposing controls on capital infl ows. In a simple model of capital flows and controls, we show that inflow restrictions distort internation...

Capital Flows and Financial Stability
			: Monetary Policy and Macroprudential Responses

Capital Flows and Financial Stability : Monetary Policy and Macroprudential Responses »

Volume/Issue: 2011/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462307272.001

ISBN: 9781462307272

Keywords: macroprudential policies, inflation, capital goods, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The resumption of capital flows to emerging market economies since mid 2009 has posed two sets of interrelated challenges for policymakers: (i) to prevent capital flows from exacerbating overheating pressures and c...