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Fiscal Monitor, April 2019

Curbing Corruption

The April 2019 edition of Fiscal Monitor is focused on two broad themes: fiscal policy in a fast-changing global economy and curbing corruption.

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

Effective Trade Costs and the Current Account: An Empirical Analysis

Effective Trade Costs and the Current Account: An Empirical Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emine Boz , Nan Li , and Hongrui Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484392171.001

ISBN: 9781484392171

Keywords: Global imbalances, Current account, trade costs, structural gravity model, comparative advantage, trade restrictiveness, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Open Economy Macroeconomics

A view receiving increased support is that the height of trade costs in prime export sectors has a strong effect on current account balances: countries specializing in sectors that face relatively high trade costs,...

Effectiveness of Capital Controls in Selected Emerging Markets in the 2000's

Effectiveness of Capital Controls in Selected Emerging Markets in the 2000's »

Volume/Issue: 2011/281

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chikako Baba , and Annamaria Kokenyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463926625.001

ISBN: 9781463926625

Keywords: emerging market economies, capital flows, net capital flows, current account balance

This paper estimates the effectiveness of capital controls in response to inflow surges in Brazil, Colombia, Korea, and Thailand in the 2000s. Controls are generally associated with a decrease in inflows and a leng...

Effectiveness of Capital Outflow Restrictions

Effectiveness of Capital Outflow Restrictions »

Volume/Issue: 2014/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Saborowski , Sarah Sanya , Hans Weisfeld , and Juan Yepez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484379752.001

ISBN: 9781484379752

Keywords: Emerging economies, capital outflow, capital flow, net capital, General, Globalization: Finance,

This paper examines the effectiveness of capital outflow restrictions in a sample of 37 emerging market economies during the period 1995-2010, using a panel vector autoregression approach with interaction terms. Sp...

Effects of Capital Flow Liberalization
			: What is the Evidence from Recent Experiences of Emerging Market Economies?

Effects of Capital Flow Liberalization : What is the Evidence from Recent Experiences of Emerging Market Economies? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/275

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tahsin Saadi Sedik , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068032.001

ISBN: 9781589068032

Keywords: Capital flow liberalization, emerging market economies, dynamic panel data specification, simulations, capital flow, capital adequacy, Models with Panel Data, Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper analyzes the experiences of emerging market economies (EMEs) that have liberalized capital flows over the past 15 years with respect to macroeconomic performance and risks to financial stability. The res...

European Trade and Foreign Direct Investment U-Shaping Industrial Output in Central and Eastern Europe
			: Theory and Evidence

European Trade and Foreign Direct Investment U-Shaping Industrial Output in Central and Eastern Europe : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 1998/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Walsh , and Alexander Repkine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451923278.001

ISBN: 9781451923278

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment, Industrial Output Growth, Transition Economies, Cross-Country and Branches of Industry Regressions, direct investment, fdi, market liberalization

We examine industrial output in Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, and Romania during 1989–95 in terms of pretransitional product trade orientation. The growth of EU-oriented output within sectors of industry, ex-po...

Exchange and Capital Controls as Barriers to Trade

Exchange and Capital Controls as Barriers to Trade »

Volume/Issue: 1998/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451955194.001

ISBN: 9781451955194

Keywords: exchange controls, capital controls, trade, development, transition economies, capital movements, international trade, world trade

This paper considers the effect of exchange and capital controls on trade in the gravity-equation framework, in which bilateral exports depend on the distance between countries, the countries’ size and wealt...

Exchange Rate Flexibility and Credit during Capital Inflow Reversals
			: Purgatory…not Paradise

Exchange Rate Flexibility and Credit during Capital Inflow Reversals : Purgatory…not Paradise »

Volume/Issue: 2014/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Magud , and Esteban Vesperoni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475543735.001

ISBN: 9781475543735

Keywords: reversals, macro-prudential, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate flexibility, flexible exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

We document the behavior of macro and credit variables during episodes of capital inflows reversals in economies with different degrees of exchange rate flexibility. We find that exchange rate flexibility is associ...

FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries
			: Global Drivers and Growth Implications

FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries : Global Drivers and Growth Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2010/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201150.001

ISBN: 9781455201150

Keywords: FDI, Business Cycle, Low-income Countries, host country, direct investment, bilateral trade, foreign direct investment, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Economic Growth of Open Economies, International Factor Movements And International Business,

What accounts for variations in FDI flows from advanced to developing countries? How have FDI inflows explained cross-country growth experiences? In this paper we tackle both these questions empirically for a large...

FDI Spillovers, Financial Markets, and Economic Development

FDI Spillovers, Financial Markets, and Economic Development »

Volume/Issue: 2003/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selin Sayek , Laura Alfaro , Areendam Chanda , and Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859485.001

ISBN: 9781451859485

Keywords: fdi, financial sector, financial market, foreign capital, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper examines the role financial markets play in the relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and economic development. We model an economy with a continuum of agents indexed by their level of abi...

Financial Regulation and the Current Account

Financial Regulation and the Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 2012/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tomasz Wieladek , and Sergi Lanau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502886.001

ISBN: 9781475502886

Keywords: financial regulation, panel VAR, capital account, capital account openness, current account deficit, current account imbalances, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper examines the relationship between financial regulation and the current account in an intertemporal model of the current account where financial regulation affects the current account through liquidity co...