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Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting

Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting »

Source: Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting

Volume/Issue: 2007/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shujing Li , Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866483

Keywords: Balance of payments crisis, exchange rate targeting, flow speculative attack, inflation, exchange rate,

This paper analyzes a small open economy model under inflation targeting. It shows why such a monetary regime is vulnerable to speculative attacks that take place over a short period rather than instantaneously. Th...

The Balance of Trade, Terms of Trade, and Real Exchange Rate An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework

The Balance of Trade, Terms of Trade, and Real Exchange Rate An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 35 No. 4

Volume: 35

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930733

Keywords: terms of trade, exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, relative price

An intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy is used to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. Temporary current, (expected) future, and permanent changes...

Capital Controls
			: Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization

Capital Controls : Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Akira Ariyoshi , Andrei Kirilenko , Inci Ötker , Bernard Laurens , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , and Karl Habermeier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758743.084

ISBN: 9781557758743

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital controls, capital flows, foreign exchange

This paper examines country experiences with the use and liberalization of capital controls to develop a deeper understanding of the role of capital controls in coping with volatile capital flows, as well as the is...

Capital Controls and the Gains from Trade in a Business Cycle Model of a Small Open Economy

Capital Controls and the Gains from Trade in a Business Cycle Model of a Small Open Economy »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 38 No. 3

Volume: 38

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451973136

Keywords: current account, real exchange, real exchange rate, exchange rate, trade liberalization

Trade liberalization in developing countries is frequently opposed on the grounds that, because it is likely to cause a deterioration in the external balance, it may not be a viable policy option for countries faci...

Capital Flows and the Twin Crises

Capital Flows and the Twin Crises »

Source: Capital Flows and the Twin Crises : The Role of Liquidity

Volume/Issue: 1997/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ilan Goldfajn , and Rodrigo Valdes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1997

ISBN: 9781451850987

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, capital outflows, capital flows, capital outflow

This paper develops a model that focuses on the interaction of liquidity creation by financial intermediaries with capital flows and exchange rate collapses. The intermediaries’ role of transforming maturiti...

Capital Flows to Brazil: The Endogeneity of Capital Controls

Capital Flows to Brazil: The Endogeneity of Capital Controls »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 45 No. 1

Volume: 45

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

ISBN: 9781451974515

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, currency crises, interest rates

This paper analyzes some leading indicators of currency crises, and proposes a specific early warning system. This system involves monitoring the evolution of several indicators that tend to exhibit an unusual beha...

Capital Inflows

Capital Inflows »

Source: Capital Inflows : The Role of Controls

Volume/Issue: 2010/04

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , Karl Habermeier , Marcos Chamon , Mahvash Qureshi , and Dennis B. S. Reinhardt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2010

ISBN: 9781462347513

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Capital controls, Capital inflows, Banking sector, Financial crisis, Exchange rate appreciation, Reserves accumulation, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

With the global economy beginning to emerge from the financial crisis, capital is flowing back to emerging market countries (EMEs). These flows, and capital mobility more generally, allow countries with limited sav...

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures »

Source: Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures : Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2008/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Bikas Joshi , Manuela Goretti , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Atish Ghosh , and Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451945997

Keywords: Economic policy, Balance of payments, Capital inflows, Capital flows, Developing countries, Policy Discussion Paper, policy responses, current account, exchange rate,

Although capital inflows are generally beneficial to recipient countries, they also pose a challenge for the conduct of economic policy. This paper proposes a conceptual taxonomy to guide the design of policy respo...

Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America

Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America »

Source: Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America : The Role of External Factors

Volume/Issue: 1992/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leonardo Leiderman , Carmen Reinhart , and Guillermo Calvo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

ISBN: 9781451964455

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, capital inflow, capital outflows

The characteristics of recent capital inflows into Latin America are discussed. It is argued that these inflows are partly explained by conditions outside the region, like recession in the United States and lower i...

4 Capital Inflows in Latin America Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options

4 Capital Inflows in Latin America Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options »

Source: Policies for Growth : The Latin American Experience: Proceedings of a Conference held in Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, March 16-19, 1994

Series: Books

Author(s): Joaquín Muns , and André Lara Resende

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755179

Keywords: central bank, inflation, exchange rate, tax reform, capital inflows

During the past several years, many Latin American countries have faced an abundant foreign exchange supply. In some cases, this was the result of capital inflows in unprecedented amounts, at le...