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Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures
			: Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures : Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2008/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Bikas Joshi , Manuela Goretti , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Atish Ghosh , and Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451945997.003

ISBN: 9781451945997

Keywords: Economic policy, Balance of payments, Capital inflows, Capital flows, Developing countries, Policy Discussion Paper, policy responses, current account, exchange rate,

Although capital inflows are generally beneficial to recipient countries, they also pose a challenge for the conduct of economic policy. This paper proposes a conceptual taxonomy to guide the design of policy respo...

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows »

Volume/Issue: 2011/14

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Karl Habermeier , Annamaria Kokenyne , and Chikako Baba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902896.006

ISBN: 9781463902896

Keywords: Emerging markets, Exchange rate appreciation, Cross country analysis, Credit expansion, Capital controls, Capital inflows, Risk management, Macroprudential Policy, financial regulation, macroprudential policies

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced?

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462384860.006

ISBN: 9781462384860

Keywords: global imbalances, current account, exchange rates, current account deficits, current account surpluses, exchange rate, current account deficit, Account Balances Be Reduced?,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Capital Inflows
			: The Role of Controls

Capital Inflows : The Role of Controls »

Volume/Issue: 2010/04

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , Karl Habermeier , Marcos Chamon , Mahvash Qureshi , and Dennis B. S. Reinhardt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462347513.004

ISBN: 9781462347513

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Capital controls, Capital inflows, Banking sector, Financial crisis, Exchange rate appreciation, Reserves accumulation, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

With the global economy beginning to emerge from the financial crisis, capital is flowing back to emerging market countries (EMEs). These flows, and capital mobility more generally, allow countries with limited sav...

Asset Market and Balance of Payments Characteristics
			: An Eclectic Exchange Rate Model for the Dollar, Mark, and Yen

Asset Market and Balance of Payments Characteristics : An Eclectic Exchange Rate Model for the Dollar, Mark, and Yen »

Volume/Issue: 1995/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ronald MacDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847581.001

ISBN: 9781451847581

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, equation, cointegration, real exchange rate

In this paper we use an exchange rate model that combines asset market characteristics with balance of payments interactions to examine the nominal effective exchange rates of the German mark, Japanese yen, and U.S...

Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting

Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting »

Volume/Issue: 2007/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shujing Li , Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866483.001

ISBN: 9781451866483

Keywords: Balance of payments crisis, exchange rate targeting, flow speculative attack, inflation, exchange rate,

This paper analyzes a small open economy model under inflation targeting. It shows why such a monetary regime is vulnerable to speculative attacks that take place over a short period rather than instantaneously. Th...

Capital Flows and the Twin Crises
			: The Role of Liquidity

Capital Flows and the Twin Crises : The Role of Liquidity »

Volume/Issue: 1997/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ilan Goldfajn , and Rodrigo Valdes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850987.001

ISBN: 9781451850987

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, capital outflows, capital flows, capital outflow

This paper develops a model that focuses on the interaction of liquidity creation by financial intermediaries with capital flows and exchange rate collapses. The intermediaries’ role of transforming maturiti...

Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America
			: The Role of External Factors

Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America : The Role of External Factors »

Volume/Issue: 1992/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leonardo Leiderman , Carmen Reinhart , and Guillermo Calvo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451964455.001

ISBN: 9781451964455

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, capital inflow, capital outflows

The characteristics of recent capital inflows into Latin America are discussed. It is argued that these inflows are partly explained by conditions outside the region, like recession in the United States and lower i...

Capital Inflows to Latin America
			: The 1970's and the 1990's

Capital Inflows to Latin America : The 1970's and the 1990's »

Volume/Issue: 1992/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , Guillermo Calvo , and Leonardo Leiderman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451954265.001

ISBN: 9781451954265

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate appreciation

During the past two years Latin America has received sizable international capital inflows. This paper compares the recent experience with that of the late 1970s. The analysis examines differences and similarities...

Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in the G-7 Countries

Current Account and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in the G-7 Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2002/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Menzie Chinn , and Jaewoo Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855203.001

ISBN: 9781451855203

Keywords: real exchange rate, intertemporal models, permanent and temporary shocks, exchange rate, current account balance, exchange rates, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The canonical predictions of intertemporal open-economy macro models are tested by a structural VAR analysis of Group of Seven countries. The analysis is distinguished from the previous literature in that it adopts...