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Macroeconomic Policies and the Balance of Payments in Pakistan
			: 1972-1986

Macroeconomic Policies and the Balance of Payments in Pakistan : 1972-1986 »

Volume/Issue: 1990/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451956085.001

ISBN: 9781451956085

Keywords: balance of payments, current account, current account deficit, current account balance, exchange rate policy

This paper describes developments in the balance of payments of Pakistan during 1972-86, focusing particularly on the factors that gave rise to external payments problems and the macroeconomics policies that were a...

Temporary Import Tariffs, the Real Exchange Rate and the Current Account

Temporary Import Tariffs, the Real Exchange Rate and the Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 1988/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 August 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451955347.001

ISBN: 9781451955347

Keywords: real exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, import tariffs, import tariff

In this paper a general equilibrium intertemporal model with optimizing consumers and producers is developed to analyze how the imposition of a temporary import tariff affects the path of real exchange rates and th...

The Composition of Capital Flows
			: Is South Africa Different?

The Composition of Capital Flows : Is South Africa Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2005/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Faisal Ahmed , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860597.001

ISBN: 9781451860597

Keywords: Composition of capital flows, exchange rate volatility, financial development, fdi, capital flows, capital inflows, direct investment, foreign direct investment,

Over the past decade, South Africa has attracted relatively little foreign direct investment (FDI), but considerable amounts of portfolio inflows. In this context, the objective of the paper is twofold: to identify...

To Smooth or Not to Smooth-The Impact of Grants and Remittances on the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Jordan

To Smooth or Not to Smooth-The Impact of Grants and Remittances on the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Jordan »

Volume/Issue: 2006/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Petri , and Tahsin Saadi-Sedik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865172.001

ISBN: 9781451865172

Keywords: Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate, Smoothing Techniques, exchange rate, real exchange rate, trade openness, terms of trade, equilibrium exchange rate, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper estimates the effect of grants and workers' remittances on Jordan's long-term equilibrium real exchange rate. We estimate an equilibrium path for the Jordanian real exchange rate using the Johansen coint...

What Do Remittances Do? Analyzing the Private Remittance Transmission Mechanism in El Salvador

What Do Remittances Do? Analyzing the Private Remittance Transmission Mechanism in El Salvador »

Volume/Issue: 2006/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis René Cáceres , and Nolvia Nery Saca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865103.001

ISBN: 9781451865103

Keywords: mechanism of transmission, exchange rate, remittance, effects of remittances, real exchange rate, International Factor Movements And International Business,

Family remittances are important for El Salvador's economy. This paper analyzes the impact of remittances on El Salvador's economy and the spillover effects on the other Central American countries. A vector autoreg...

Workers' Remittances and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate
			: Theory and Evidence

Workers' Remittances and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2010/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph Chami , Adolfo Barajas , Peter Montiel , and Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210947.001

ISBN: 9781455210947

Keywords: Worker&;amp;#x2019;s remittances, equilibrium real exchange rate, low-income countries, exchange rate, remittances, real exchange rate, remittance, workers ? remittances,

This paper investigates the impact of workers' remittances on equilibrium real exchange rates (ERER) in recipient economies. Using a small open economy model, it shows that standard "Dutch Disease" results of appre...

International Capital Flow Pressures

International Capital Flow Pressures »

Source: International Capital Flow Pressures

Volume/Issue: 2018/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Linda Goldberg , and Signe Krogstrup

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 February 2018

ISBN: 9781484341803

Keywords: Exchange Market Pressure; Risk aversion; Safe haven; Capital flows; Exchange Rate; Foreign Exchange Reserves, Exchange Market Pressure, Risk aversion, Safe haven, Capital flows, Exchange Rate, Foreign Exchange Reserves, Portfolio Choice, General

This paper presents a new measure of capital flow pressures in the form of a recast Exchange Market Pressure index. The measure captures pressures that materialize in actual international capital flows as well as p...

IV Foreign Direct Investment

IV Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

From the start of the transition, foreign direct investment (FDI) was expected to play a key role in upgrading the country’s infrastructure and productive capacity. It has indeed played that role. Disburseme...

IV. Foreign Direct Investment and the Exchange Rate

IV. Foreign Direct Investment and the Exchange Rate »

Source: Exchange Rate Movements and Their Impact on Trade and Investment in the APEC Region

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Takatoshi Ito , Tamim Bayoumi , Peter Isard , and Steven Symansky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756008

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, fdi, real exchange rate, real exchange rates

Foreign direct investment (FDI) represents the acquisition by foreign residents of a controlling claim on firms (through equity) or on real estate, or further investment in an enterprise so controlled....

Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Trade1

Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Trade1 »

Source: Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Trade

Volume/Issue: 1997/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabrielle Lipworth , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451948165

Keywords: FDI, Hollowing Out, Trade Linkages, exchange rate, foreign investment, direct investment, real exchange rate

We examine the relationship between Japanese FDI outflows, domestic and foreign fixed investment, and the exchange rate. The results indicate that aggregate FDI outflows have been driven by investment in Japan and...