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The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

The Future of China's Bond Market

This book analyzes segments of China's bond market, from sovereign, policy bank, and credit bonds, to the rapidly growing local government bond market.

IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics
			: Annual Report 2003

IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics : Annual Report 2003 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063693.044

ISBN: 9781589063693

Keywords: statistics, payments, survey, liabilities, debt, external debt, financial statistics, loans, interest, treasury bills

The IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics was established in1992 for the following purposes: to oversee the implementation of the recommendations contained in the reports of two IMF working parties that i...

IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics
			: Annual Report 2004

IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics : Annual Report 2004 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064713.044

ISBN: 9781589064713

Keywords: statistics, payments, survey, liabilities, debt, external debt, financial statistics, surveys, interest, creditor

The IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics was established in 1992 to oversee the implementation of the recommendations contained in the reports of two IMF working parties that investigated the principal s...

Capital Flows to Transition Economies
			: Master or Servant?

Capital Flows to Transition Economies : Master or Servant? »

Volume/Issue: 2002/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leslie Lipschitz , Alex Mourmouras , and Timothy Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842791.001

ISBN: 9781451842791

Keywords: convergence, macroeconomic policy, capital inflows, exchange rate, real appreciation, capital market, Money And Interest Rates,

This paper discusses the forces driving capital flows in the transition countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It argues that various influences—specifically, the real exchange rate history and trend...

Consumption-Based Interest Rate and the Present-Value Model of the Current Account-Evidence from Nigeria

Consumption-Based Interest Rate and the Present-Value Model of the Current Account-Evidence from Nigeria »

Volume/Issue: 2001/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851656.001

ISBN: 9781451851656

Keywords: Present-value model, consumption-based interest rate, current account, current account balance, current accounts, external shocks, balance of payments, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper presents a model of current account determination, based upon the permanent-income hypothesis. A present-value relationship among the current account, changes in net output, the exchange rate and the ter...

Economic Effects and Structural Determinants of Capital Controls

Economic Effects and Structural Determinants of Capital Controls »

Volume/Issue: 1995/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vittorio Grilli , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844993.001

ISBN: 9781451844993

Keywords: capital controls, foreign exchange, real interest rates, capital mobility

This paper studies determinants and effects of capital controls using a panel of 61 developed and developing countries. The results suggest that capital account restrictions are more likely to be in place in countr...

Fixed Investment and Capital Flows 
			: A Real Options Approach

Fixed Investment and Capital Flows : A Real Options Approach »

Volume/Issue: 1998/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau , and Peter Clark

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451937398.001

ISBN: 9781451937398

Keywords: capital flows, irreversible investment, interest rate spread, strategic behavior, capital stock, rate of return, investors, cost of capital

This paper draws a link between international capital flows and the real options approach to investment by extending a model of real estate investment. It explains gradual investment, investment booms, and investme...

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows »

Volume/Issue: 2015/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Swarnali Ahmed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498367196.001

ISBN: 9781498367196

Keywords: Fed liftoffs, policy responses, policy framework, emerging market economies, interest, market, portfolio, interest rate, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

After more than six years of ultra-low interest rates, a Fed liftoff (rate hike) is just a matter of time. This paper goes back to history to understand the spillover effect - or what is termed in the paper as the...

Recording Interest Income in the Balance of Payments

Recording Interest Income in the Balance of Payments »

Volume/Issue: 1995/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Harper

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849202.001

ISBN: 9781451849202

Keywords: investment income, accrued interest, interest income, current account

In the balance of payments, as well as the national accounts, income refers to the use of factors of production. Accordingly, income should be recorded in the balance of payments during the period or periods in whi...

The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate
			: An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework

The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate : An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework »

Volume/Issue: 1988/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930924.001

ISBN: 9781451930924

Keywords: terms of trade, terms of trade shocks, relative price, trade changes, real rate of interest

This paper uses an intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. We consider temporary current, anticipated future, a...

The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China
			: 1980-2002

The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China : 1980-2002 »

Volume/Issue: 2003/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhongxia Jin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848922.001

ISBN: 9781451848922

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, real exchange rate, real interest rate, exchange reserves, Econometric Methods: - Multiple/Simultaneous Equation Models, Money and Interest Rates, Macroeconomic - Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook

Based on China's experience between 1980 and 2002, a cointegrated vector autoregression model was established to explore the relationships among real interest rates, real exchange rates and balance of payments in C...