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Fiscal Deficits and Balance of Payments Disequilibrium in IMF Adjustment Programs*

Fiscal Deficits and Balance of Payments Disequilibrium in IMF Adjustment Programs* »

Source: Adjustment, Conditionality, and International Financing : Papers Presented at the Seminar on "The Role of the International Monetary Fund in the Adjustment Process" held in Vina del Mar, Chile, April 5-8, 1983

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1984

ISBN: 9780939934287

Keywords: balance of payments, exchange rate, current account, international reserves, central bank

CONCEPT OF FISCAL DEFICIT One of the most important and lasting contributions of J. M. Keynes’s thought to the development of modem economic theory has been the central role he assig...

Fiscal Expansion and External Current Account Balance

Fiscal Expansion and External Current Account Balance »

Source: Fiscal Expansion and External Current Account Balance

Volume/Issue: 1988/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 1988

ISBN: 9781451948622

Keywords: current account, balance of payments, bonds, government debt, international reserves

This paper analyzes, in a general equilibrium framework, how fiscal policy transmits its effects to the current account of the balance of payments. In discussing the role of fiscal policies in the Fund’s sta...

III Effectiveness of Capital Controls

III Effectiveness of Capital Controls »

Source: Liberalization of the Capital Account : Experiences and Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Liliana Rojas-Suárez , and Donald Mathieson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752802

Keywords: capital controls, exchange rate, capital account convertibility, capital flows, capital inflows

The ability of quantitative capital controls or a dual exchange rate system to insulate domestic financial conditions from those in international financial markets is influenced by the expected gains from, a...

The Capital Inflows Problem
			: Concepts and Issues

The Capital Inflows Problem : Concepts and Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1993/10

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , Leonardo Leiderman , and Guillermo Calvo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451969931.003

ISBN: 9781451969931

Keywords: Inflation, capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, capital inflow, exchange rate appreciation

Since 1990 capital has started to move from industrial countries to developing regions like Latin America, the Middle East and parts of Asia. Reentry into international capital markets is a welcome turn of events f...

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1999/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): B. Jang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844122.001

ISBN: 9781451844122

Keywords: Capital Controls, capital mobility, future trade liberalization, import tariff

This paper reexamines Aizenman’s (1985) results on the effects of capital controls during unanticipated trade liberalization using an intertemporal optimizing monetary model. Unlike in Aizenman’s mode...

Capital Flows with Debt- and Equity-Financed Investment-Equilibrium Structure and Efficiency Implications

Capital Flows with Debt- and Equity-Financed Investment-Equilibrium Structure and Efficiency Implications »

Volume/Issue: 1998/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Assaf Razin , Chi-Wa Yuen , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857641.001

ISBN: 9781451857641

Keywords: debt and equity, efficient capital flows, asymmetric information, corrective policy, equity market, capital flows, equity finance, stock of capital, capital market

This paper distinguishes between debt and equity flows in the presence of information asymmetry between the firm’s “insiders” and “outsiders” in a small open economy. It shows the...

Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America
			: The Role of External Factors

Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America : The Role of External Factors »

Volume/Issue: 1992/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leonardo Leiderman , Carmen Reinhart , and Guillermo Calvo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451964455.001

ISBN: 9781451964455

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, capital inflow, capital outflows

The characteristics of recent capital inflows into Latin America are discussed. It is argued that these inflows are partly explained by conditions outside the region, like recession in the United States and lower i...

Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms

Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms »

Volume/Issue: 2012/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Magud , Esteban Vesperoni , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463936426.001

ISBN: 9781463936426

Keywords: foreign currency loans, financial regulation, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems,

The prospects of expansionary monetary policies in the advanced countries for the foreseeable future have renewed the debate over policy options to cope with large capital inflows that are, at least partly, driven...

Capital Inflows to Latin America
			: The 1970's and the 1990's

Capital Inflows to Latin America : The 1970's and the 1990's »

Volume/Issue: 1992/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , Guillermo Calvo , and Leonardo Leiderman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451954265.001

ISBN: 9781451954265

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate appreciation

During the past two years Latin America has received sizable international capital inflows. This paper compares the recent experience with that of the late 1970s. The analysis examines differences and similarities...

Cross-Border Listings, Capital Controls, and U.S. Equity Flows to Emerging Markets

Cross-Border Listings, Capital Controls, and U.S. Equity Flows to Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2003/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hali Edison , and Francis Warnock

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875706.001

ISBN: 9781451875706

Keywords: portfolio equity flows, ADRs, equity flows, capital controls, foreign ownership, capital inflows, and ADRs,

We analyze capital flows to emerging markets in a framework that incorporates two quantitative measures of financial integration, the intensity of capital controls and the extent of cross border listings, while con...