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IMF Financial Operations 2018

Provides a broad introduction to how the IMF fulfills its mission through its financial activities.

How Do Migration and Remittances Affect Inequality? A Case Study of Mexico

How Do Migration and Remittances Affect Inequality? A Case Study of Mexico »

Volume/Issue: 2018/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zsoka Koczan , and Franz Loyola

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484361634.001

ISBN: 9781484361634

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Mexico, Migration, Remittances, inequality, Firm Behavior, International Lending and Debt Problems

The poverty-reducing effects of remittances have been well-documented, however, their effects on inequality are less clear. This paper examines the impact of remittances on inequality in Mexico using household-leve...

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation?

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anton Korinek , and Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513506463.001

ISBN: 9781513506463

Keywords: pecuniary externalities, macroprudential regulation, inequality, exchange rate, exchange, lenders, borrowers, markets, International Lending and Debt Problems, Open Economy Macroeconomics

International capital flows can create significant financial instability in emerging economies because of pecuniary externalities associated with exchange rate movements. Does this make it optimal to impose capital...

Non-FDI Capital Inflows in Low-Income Developing Countries
			: Catching the Wave?

Non-FDI Capital Inflows in Low-Income Developing Countries : Catching the Wave? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juliana Araujo , Antonio David , Carlos van Hombeeck , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484341087.001

ISBN: 9781484341087

Keywords: Gross Capital Flows, Surges, Low-Income Countries, markets, monetary fund, private capital, General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Low-income countries (LIDCs) are typically characterized by intermittent and very modest access to private external funding sources. Motivated by recent developments in private flows to LIDCs this paper makes two c...

Remittances and Vulnerability in Developing Countries

Remittances and Vulnerability in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2014/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giulia Bettin , Andrea Presbitero , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484385081.001

ISBN: 9781484385081

Keywords: Shocks, Business cycle, Vulnerability, Gravity model, remittance, migrant, bilateral remittances, official remittances, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems

This paper examines how international remittances are affected by structural characteristics, macroeconomic conditions, and adverse shocks in both source and recipient economies. We exploit a novel, rich panel data...

International Capital Flows and Debt Dynamics

International Capital Flows and Debt Dynamics »

Volume/Issue: 2012/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505238.001

ISBN: 9781475505238

Keywords: External Imbalances, International Debt, International Solvency, Exorbitant Privilege, foreign asset, foreign assets, foreign liabilities, capital gains, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper presents a new model for studying international capital flows and debt dynamics that emphasizes the role played by expectations concerning future trade flows and returns. I use the model to estimate the...

Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms

Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms »

Volume/Issue: 2012/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Magud , Esteban Vesperoni , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463936426.001

ISBN: 9781463936426

Keywords: foreign currency loans, financial regulation, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems,

The prospects of expansionary monetary policies in the advanced countries for the foreseeable future have renewed the debate over policy options to cope with large capital inflows that are, at least partly, driven...

Are Middle Eastern Current Account Imbalances Excessive?

Are Middle Eastern Current Account Imbalances Excessive? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , and Samya Beidas-Strom

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462305247.001

ISBN: 9781462305247

Keywords: Current account determination, macroeconomic balance approach, oil exporters, exporters, reer, exporting countries, terms of trade, International Lending and Debt Problems, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

Employing a dynamic panel regression, this study estimates the medium-term current account position for three subgroups of emerging market and developing countries with shared economic characteristics. The fundamen...

Macroeconomic Consequences of Remittances

Macroeconomic Consequences of Remittances »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Connel Fullenkamp , Thomas Cosimano , Michael Gapen , Ralph Chami , Peter Montiel , and Adolfo Barajas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067011.084

ISBN: 9781589067011

Keywords: Debt sustainability, Capital inflows, Economic models, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Income, Migration, Labor markets, Workers remittances, remittances

Given the large size of aggregate remittance flows (billions of dollars annually), they should be expected to have significant macroeconomic effects on the economies that receive them. This paper directly addresses...

The Landscape of Capital Flows to Low-Income Countries

The Landscape of Capital Flows to Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2008/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Dorsey , Zuzana Brixiova , Sukhwinder Singh , and Helaway Tadesse

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869132.001

ISBN: 9781451869132

Keywords: Low-income countries, debt forgiveness, liabilities, debt, current account, loans,

This paper reviews trends in capital flows and capital-like flows such as official grants and remittances to low-income countries over the period 1981-2006. The survey reveals a broadbased increase in such flows as...

Sovereign Wealth Funds in the Pacific Island Countries
			: Macro-Fiscal Linkages

Sovereign Wealth Funds in the Pacific Island Countries : Macro-Fiscal Linkages »

Volume/Issue: 2007/297

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paulo Medas , and Eric Le Borgne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868609.001

ISBN: 9781451868609

Keywords: Fiscal Sustainability, Stabilization, expenditure, budget process, public debt

This paper looks at the role Sovereign Wealth Funds have played in the Pacific Island Countries in achieving key macro-fiscal policy objectives, namely, protecting the budget from high revenue volatility and streng...