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Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

The reform strategy implemented in the Lao P.D.R. since 1985 has recognized the importance of external resources—both official and private—in accelerating economic transformation an...

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises »

Source: Balance of Payments Anti-Crises

Volume/Issue: 2009/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451872811

Keywords: Balance of payments anti-crises, inflation dynamics, foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation targeting,

Several emerging economies have, until recently, experienced large government surpluses and accelerating foreign exchange reserve accumulation. This has been accompanied by economic booms, exchange rate appreciatio...

Capital Controls
			: Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization

Capital Controls : Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Akira Ariyoshi , Andrei Kirilenko , Inci Ötker , Bernard Laurens , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , and Karl Habermeier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758743.084

ISBN: 9781557758743

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital controls, capital flows, foreign exchange

This paper examines country experiences with the use and liberalization of capital controls to develop a deeper understanding of the role of capital controls in coping with volatile capital flows, as well as the is...

Capital Inflows

Capital Inflows »

Source: Capital Inflows : The Role of Controls

Volume/Issue: 2010/04

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , Karl Habermeier , Marcos Chamon , Mahvash Qureshi , and Dennis B. S. Reinhardt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2010

ISBN: 9781462347513

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Capital controls, Capital inflows, Banking sector, Financial crisis, Exchange rate appreciation, Reserves accumulation, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

With the global economy beginning to emerge from the financial crisis, capital is flowing back to emerging market countries (EMEs). These flows, and capital mobility more generally, allow countries with limited sav...

Chapter 14. Capital Flows, Monetary Policy, and Foreign Exchange Intervention in Peru

Chapter 14. Capital Flows, Monetary Policy, and Foreign Exchange Intervention in Peru »

Source: Peru : Staying the Course of Economic Success

Series: Books

Author(s): Alejandro Werner , and Alejandro Santos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513599748

Keywords: exchange, tax, investment, exchange rate, foreign exchange

This chapter explains the main features of sterilized interventions in the foreign exchange market by the Central Reserve Bank of Peru (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú [BCRP]), in a context of...

4 Current Account Convertibility: Anachronism or Transition?

4 Current Account Convertibility: Anachronism or Transition? »

Source: Currency Convertibility in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557755643

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, currency convertibility, exchange controls, exchange rates

In a world where goods, services, and financial markets have become increasingly integrated, it is argued that current account convertibility has become an anachroni...

The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China: 1980-2002

The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China: 1980-2002 »

Source: The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China : 1980-2002

Volume/Issue: 2003/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhongxia Jin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451848922

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, real exchange rate, real interest rate, exchange reserves, Econometric Methods: - Multiple/Simultaneous Equation Models, Money and Interest Rates, Macroeconomic - Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook

Based on China's experience between 1980 and 2002, a cointegrated vector autoregression model was established to explore the relationships among real interest rates, real exchange rates and balance of payments in C...

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows »

Source: The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows

Volume/Issue: 2011/14

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Karl Habermeier , Annamaria Kokenyne , and Chikako Baba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2011

ISBN: 9781463902896

Keywords: Emerging markets, Exchange rate appreciation, Cross country analysis, Credit expansion, Capital controls, Capital inflows, Risk management, Macroprudential Policy, financial regulation, macroprudential policies

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

The Effects of Capital Controls on Exchange Rate Volatility and Output

The Effects of Capital Controls on Exchange Rate Volatility and Output »

Source: The Effects of Capital Controls on Exchange Rate Volatility and Output

Volume/Issue: 2001/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christiane Nickel , Günter Schmidt , Georg Stadtmann , and Michael Frenkel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451859515

Keywords: exchange rate, capital control, capital inflows, foreign exchange, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper extends the Dornbusch model of overshooting exchange rates to discuss both exchange rate and output effects of capital controls that involve additional costs for international asset transactions. We show...

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries »

Source: Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

ISBN: 9781451921571

Keywords: exchange rate, probability, foreign exchange, equation, fixed exchange rate

This paper estimates a speculative attack model of currency crises in an attempt to identify the roles of macroeconomic fundamentals and speculative market pressures in the recent crisis, as well as earlier devalua...