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The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate

The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate »

Source: The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate : An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework

Volume/Issue: 1988/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930924

Keywords: terms of trade, terms of trade shocks, relative price, trade changes, real rate of interest

This paper uses an intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. We consider temporary current, anticipated future, a...

Capital Flows to Transition Economies

Capital Flows to Transition Economies »

Source: Capital Flows to Transition Economies : Master or Servant?

Volume/Issue: 2002/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leslie Lipschitz , Alex Mourmouras , and Timothy Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451842791

Keywords: convergence, macroeconomic policy, capital inflows, exchange rate, real appreciation, capital market, Money And Interest Rates,

This paper discusses the forces driving capital flows in the transition countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It argues that various influences—specifically, the real exchange rate history and trend...

Consumption-Based Interest Rate and the Present-Value Model of the Current Account-Evidence from Nigeria

Consumption-Based Interest Rate and the Present-Value Model of the Current Account-Evidence from Nigeria »

Source: Consumption-Based Interest Rate and the Present-Value Model of the Current Account-Evidence from Nigeria

Volume/Issue: 2001/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451851656

Keywords: Present-value model, consumption-based interest rate, current account, current account balance, current accounts, external shocks, balance of payments, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper presents a model of current account determination, based upon the permanent-income hypothesis. A present-value relationship among the current account, changes in net output, the exchange rate and the ter...

The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China: 1980-2002

The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China: 1980-2002 »

Source: The Dynamics of Real Interest Rates, Real Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments in China : 1980-2002

Volume/Issue: 2003/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhongxia Jin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451848922

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, real exchange rate, real interest rate, exchange reserves, Econometric Methods: - Multiple/Simultaneous Equation Models, Money and Interest Rates, Macroeconomic - Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook

Based on China's experience between 1980 and 2002, a cointegrated vector autoregression model was established to explore the relationships among real interest rates, real exchange rates and balance of payments in C...

Economic Effects and Structural Determinants of Capital Controls

Economic Effects and Structural Determinants of Capital Controls »

Source: Economic Effects and Structural Determinants of Capital Controls

Volume/Issue: 1995/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vittorio Grilli , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

ISBN: 9781451844993

Keywords: capital controls, foreign exchange, real interest rates, capital mobility

This paper studies determinants and effects of capital controls using a panel of 61 developed and developing countries. The results suggest that capital account restrictions are more likely to be in place in countr...

The Effectiveness of Monetary Policy Transmission Under Capital Inflows

The Effectiveness of Monetary Policy Transmission Under Capital Inflows »

Source: The Effectiveness of Monetary Policy Transmission Under Capital Inflows : Evidence from Asia

Volume/Issue: 2012/265

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Jain-Chandra , and Filiz Unsal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2012

ISBN: 9781475525823

Keywords: Monetary policy transmission, dynamic factor model, structural VAR, long-term interest rates, bond yields, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The effectiveness of the monetary policy transmission mechanism in open economies could be impaired if interest rates are driven primarily by global factors, especially during periods of large capital inflows. The...

Fixed Investment and Capital Flows

Fixed Investment and Capital Flows »

Source: Fixed Investment and Capital Flows : A Real Options Approach

Volume/Issue: 1998/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau , and Peter Clark

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

ISBN: 9781451937398

Keywords: capital flows, irreversible investment, interest rate spread, strategic behavior, capital stock, rate of return, investors, cost of capital

This paper draws a link between international capital flows and the real options approach to investment by extending a model of real estate investment. It explains gradual investment, investment booms, and investme...

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows »

Source: If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

Volume/Issue: 2015/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Swarnali Ahmed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

ISBN: 9781498367196

Keywords: Fed liftoffs, policy responses, policy framework, emerging market economies, interest, market, portfolio, interest rate, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

After more than six years of ultra-low interest rates, a Fed liftoff (rate hike) is just a matter of time. This paper goes back to history to understand the spillover effect - or what is termed in the paper as the...

Capital Flows to Transition Economies
			: Master or Servant?

Capital Flows to Transition Economies : Master or Servant? »

Volume/Issue: 2002/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leslie Lipschitz , Alex Mourmouras , and Timothy Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842791.001

ISBN: 9781451842791

Keywords: convergence, macroeconomic policy, capital inflows, exchange rate, real appreciation, capital market, Money And Interest Rates,

This paper discusses the forces driving capital flows in the transition countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It argues that various influences—specifically, the real exchange rate history and trend...

Consumption-Based Interest Rate and the Present-Value Model of the Current Account-Evidence from Nigeria

Consumption-Based Interest Rate and the Present-Value Model of the Current Account-Evidence from Nigeria »

Volume/Issue: 2001/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851656.001

ISBN: 9781451851656

Keywords: Present-value model, consumption-based interest rate, current account, current account balance, current accounts, external shocks, balance of payments, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper presents a model of current account determination, based upon the permanent-income hypothesis. A present-value relationship among the current account, changes in net output, the exchange rate and the ter...