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Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Appendix VII. Executive Board Decision on Discrimination for Balance of Payments Reasons

Appendix VII. Executive Board Decision on Discrimination for Balance of Payments Reasons »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1960

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1960

ISBN: 9781616351724

Keywords: gold, balance of payments, exporters, export prices, money supply

The following decision deals exclusively with discriminatory restrictions imposed for balance of payments reasons. In some countries, considerable progress has already been made towards the eliminat...

Are Foreign Aid and Remittance Inflows a Hedge Against Food Price Shocks?1

Are Foreign Aid and Remittance Inflows a Hedge Against Food Price Shocks?1 »

Source: Are Foreign Aid and Remittance Inflows a Hedge Against Food Price Shocks?

Volume/Issue: 2012/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781463938444

Keywords: food price shocks, vulnerability, food price, remittance, remittance inflows, food imports, International Factor Movements and International Business: General, Saving,

This paper explores the role of foreign aid and remittance inflows in the mitigation of the effects of food price shocks. Using a large sample of developing countries and mobilising dynamic panel data specification...

The Balance of Trade, Terms of Trade, and Real Exchange Rate An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework

The Balance of Trade, Terms of Trade, and Real Exchange Rate An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 35 No. 4

Volume: 35

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930733

Keywords: terms of trade, exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, relative price

An intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy is used to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. Temporary current, (expected) future, and permanent changes...

The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate

The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate »

Source: The Balance of Trade, the Terms of Trade, and the Real Exchange Rate : An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework

Volume/Issue: 1988/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930924

Keywords: terms of trade, terms of trade shocks, relative price, trade changes, real rate of interest

This paper uses an intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. We consider temporary current, anticipated future, a...

CHAPTER 6. DIVERGENCE OF CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCES ACROSS EMERGING ECONOMIES

CHAPTER 6. DIVERGENCE OF CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCES ACROSS EMERGING ECONOMIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2008 : Financial Stress, Downturns, and Recoveries

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067585

Keywords: inflation, current account, fiscal policy, monetary policy, commodity prices

The pattern of current account balances across emerging economies has become much more diverse in recent years than during the early 1990s, particularly between emerging Asia and Europe. 1...

Chapter 7 Financial Flows from the United States to Latin America: Basic Patterns, Causes, and Implications

Chapter 7 Financial Flows from the United States to Latin America: Basic Patterns, Causes, and Implications »

Source: Who's Driving Whom? Analyzing External and Intra-Regional Linkages in the Americas

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Jeronimo Zettelmeyer , Martin Mühleisen , and Shaun Roache

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067882

Keywords: inflation, bond, commodity prices, spillovers, interest rates

Much research has shown the importance of U.S. financial conditions for the rest of the world (see Chapter 12), but the literature analyzing the causes and impact of U.S. financial flows is much sparser. As...

Chapter IV.4 Foreign Direct Investment

Chapter IV.4 Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION Few, if any, countries offer as potentially attractive opportunities for large-scale foreign direct investment as the USSR: a vast internal market; a critical need fo...

CHAPTER 6 The Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Lessons from Norway

CHAPTER 6 The Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Lessons from Norway »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION While most studies of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) focus on their wealth management functions, particularly their investment strategies, it is essential to start with t...

Current Account Rebalancing and Real Exchange Rate Adjustment Between the U.S. and Emerging Asia1

Current Account Rebalancing and Real Exchange Rate Adjustment Between the U.S. and Emerging Asia1 »

Source: Current Account Rebalancing and Real Exchange Rate Adjustment Between the U.S. and Emerging Asia

Volume/Issue: 2011/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri , Pau Rabanal , and Isabelle Mejean

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218967

Keywords: Rebalancing, Intermediate Inputs, terms of trade, tradable goods, exchange rate, export prices, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

A reduction in the U.S. current account deficit vis-à-vis emerging Asia involves a shift in demand from U.S. to emerging Asia tradable goods and a change in international relative prices. This paper quantifies the...

Effects of Currency Substitution on the Response of the Current Account to Supply Shocks

Effects of Currency Substitution on the Response of the Current Account to Supply Shocks »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 35 No. 4

Volume: 35

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930733

Keywords: terms of trade, exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, relative price

An intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy is used to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. Temporary current, (expected) future, and permanent changes...