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14 A Dynamic Error-Correction Model of the U.S. Current Account

14 A Dynamic Error-Correction Model of the U.S. Current Account »

Source: The United States Economy : Performance and Issues

Series: Books

Author(s): Yusuke Horiguchi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1992

ISBN: 9781557752314

Keywords: health care, exchange rates, social security, equation, unemployment

Conventional models of the U.S. current account, which express trade flows as functions of activity variables and relative prices, have recently been criticized on the grounds that they fail to...

Appendix Capital Flight and Capital Controls

Appendix Capital Flight and Capital Controls »

Source: Liberalization of the Capital Account : Experiences and Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Liliana Rojas-Suárez , and Donald Mathieson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752802

Keywords: capital controls, exchange rate, capital account convertibility, capital flows, capital inflows

Letting wt equal stock of wealth at time t, then the analysis in the main text suggests that desired holdings of domestic (DA) and foreign (CF) assets will be given...

Asset Market and Balance of Payments Characteristics

Asset Market and Balance of Payments Characteristics »

Source: Asset Market and Balance of Payments Characteristics : An Eclectic Exchange Rate Model for the Dollar, Mark, and Yen

Volume/Issue: 1995/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ronald MacDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

ISBN: 9781451847581

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, equation, cointegration, real exchange rate

In this paper we use an exchange rate model that combines asset market characteristics with balance of payments interactions to examine the nominal effective exchange rates of the German mark, Japanese yen, and U.S...

4 Balance of Payments Adjustment and Developing Countries: Some Outstanding Issues

4 Balance of Payments Adjustment and Developing Countries: Some Outstanding Issues »

Source: Problems of international Money, 1972-85

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 1996

ISBN: 9780939934584

Keywords: balance of payments, financial intermediation, international financial, reserve holdings, exchange rate

THE TERMS “BALANCE OF PAYMENTS ADJUSTMENT” and the “costs” of such adjustment are often used in a very loose and sometimes distorted fashion. References to adjustment and its costs abound in the...

14 Balance of Payments Crises in a Cash-in-Advance Economy

14 Balance of Payments Crises in a Cash-in-Advance Economy »

Source: Functioning of the International Monetary System

Series: Books

Author(s): Jacob Frenkel , and Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 April 1996

ISBN: 9781557755544

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, inflation, monetary policy, real exchange rate

This paper studies an experiment in which the Central Bank sets the rate of devaluation at a level consistent with other fiscal constraints and re...

Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting

Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting »

Source: Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting

Volume/Issue: 2007/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shujing Li , Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866483

Keywords: Balance of payments crisis, exchange rate targeting, flow speculative attack, inflation, exchange rate,

This paper analyzes a small open economy model under inflation targeting. It shows why such a monetary regime is vulnerable to speculative attacks that take place over a short period rather than instantaneously. Th...

The Balance of Trade, Terms of Trade, and Real Exchange Rate An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework

The Balance of Trade, Terms of Trade, and Real Exchange Rate An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 35 No. 4

Volume: 35

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930733

Keywords: terms of trade, exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, relative price

An intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy is used to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. Temporary current, (expected) future, and permanent changes...

Capital Controls
			: Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization

Capital Controls : Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Akira Ariyoshi , Andrei Kirilenko , Inci Ötker , Bernard Laurens , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , and Karl Habermeier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758743.084

ISBN: 9781557758743

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital controls, capital flows, foreign exchange

This paper examines country experiences with the use and liberalization of capital controls to develop a deeper understanding of the role of capital controls in coping with volatile capital flows, as well as the is...

Capital Controls and the Gains from Trade in a Business Cycle Model of a Small Open Economy

Capital Controls and the Gains from Trade in a Business Cycle Model of a Small Open Economy »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 38 No. 3

Volume: 38

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451973136

Keywords: current account, real exchange, real exchange rate, exchange rate, trade liberalization

Trade liberalization in developing countries is frequently opposed on the grounds that, because it is likely to cause a deterioration in the external balance, it may not be a viable policy option for countries faci...

Capital Flows and the Twin Crises

Capital Flows and the Twin Crises »

Source: Capital Flows and the Twin Crises : The Role of Liquidity

Volume/Issue: 1997/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ilan Goldfajn , and Rodrigo Valdes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1997

ISBN: 9781451850987

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, capital outflows, capital flows, capital outflow

This paper develops a model that focuses on the interaction of liquidity creation by financial intermediaries with capital flows and exchange rate collapses. The intermediaries’ role of transforming maturiti...