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The Balance of Trade, Terms of Trade, and Real Exchange Rate An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework

The Balance of Trade, Terms of Trade, and Real Exchange Rate An Intertemporal Optimizing Framework »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 35 No. 4

Volume: 35

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930733

Keywords: terms of trade, exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, relative price

An intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy is used to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. Temporary current, (expected) future, and permanent changes...

Capital Controls and the Gains from Trade in a Business Cycle Model of a Small Open Economy

Capital Controls and the Gains from Trade in a Business Cycle Model of a Small Open Economy »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 38 No. 3

Volume: 38

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451973136

Keywords: current account, real exchange, real exchange rate, exchange rate, trade liberalization

Trade liberalization in developing countries is frequently opposed on the grounds that, because it is likely to cause a deterioration in the external balance, it may not be a viable policy option for countries faci...

Capital Flows to Brazil: The Endogeneity of Capital Controls

Capital Flows to Brazil: The Endogeneity of Capital Controls »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 45 No. 1

Volume: 45

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

ISBN: 9781451974515

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, currency crises, interest rates

This paper analyzes some leading indicators of currency crises, and proposes a specific early warning system. This system involves monitoring the evolution of several indicators that tend to exhibit an unusual beha...

Comments Current Account Imbalances and Capital Formation in Industrial Countries

Comments Current Account Imbalances and Capital Formation in Industrial Countries »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 37 No. 3

Volume: 40

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

ISBN: 9781451973068

Keywords: real interest, real interest rate, labor force, exchange rate, industrial countries

This paper analyzes macroeconomic effects of projected population aging in industrial countries. The effects of population aging are examined with a theoretical model and simulations of the IMF's multiregion econom...

Economic Effects and Structural Determinants of Capital Controls

Economic Effects and Structural Determinants of Capital Controls »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 42 No. 3

Volume: 42

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451973396

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange, exchange rates, real exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper analyzes long-term exchange rate modeling. The paper reviews the literature that tests for a unit root in real exchange rates and the closely related work on testing for a unit root in the residual from...

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls Implications for Monetary Autonomy in the Presence of Incomplete Market Separation

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls Implications for Monetary Autonomy in the Presence of Incomplete Market Separation »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 34 No. 4

Volume: 34

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1987

ISBN: 9781451930719

Keywords: exchange rate, government spending, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, fiscal policies, IMF staff papers,

The Mundell-Fleming model of international macroeconomic originated in the early 1960s and has been extended during the ensuing quarter century. This paper develops an exposition that integrates the various facets...

Effects of Currency Substitution on the Response of the Current Account to Supply Shocks

Effects of Currency Substitution on the Response of the Current Account to Supply Shocks »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 35 No. 4

Volume: 35

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930733

Keywords: terms of trade, exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, relative price

An intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy is used to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. Temporary current, (expected) future, and permanent changes...

Monetary Sovereignty, Exchange Rates, and Capital Controls: The Trilemma in the Interwar Period

Monetary Sovereignty, Exchange Rates, and Capital Controls: The Trilemma in the Interwar Period »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 51, Special Issue, IMF Fourth Annual Research Conference

Volume: 51

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2004

ISBN: 9781589063204

Keywords: current account reversals, current account deficit, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Consumption (economics), Country Risk, Debtor And Creditor, Default (finance),

This is the 2004 (Volume 51) Special Issue of IMF Staff Papers, which includes 6 selected papers (from more than 20) that were presented at the IMF's Fourth Annual Research Conference, November 6-7, 2003....

Policy and Current Account Determination Under Floating Exchange Rates

Policy and Current Account Determination Under Floating Exchange Rates »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 36 No. 1

Volume: 36

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451956825

Keywords: current account, exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, fiscal policy, IMF Staff Papers,

The determinants of current account imbalances under floating exchange rates are analyzed. The analysis provides a framework within which the sources of. and the remedies for, the current account imbalances between...

Thirty Years of Current Account Imbalances, Current Account Reversals, and Sudden Stops

Thirty Years of Current Account Imbalances, Current Account Reversals, and Sudden Stops »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 51, Special Issue, IMF Fourth Annual Research Conference

Volume: 51

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2004

ISBN: 9781589063204

Keywords: current account reversals, current account deficit, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Consumption (economics), Country Risk, Debtor And Creditor, Default (finance),

This is the 2004 (Volume 51) Special Issue of IMF Staff Papers, which includes 6 selected papers (from more than 20) that were presented at the IMF's Fourth Annual Research Conference, November 6-7, 2003....