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III The Current Account, Growth, and Competitiveness

III The Current Account, Growth, and Competitiveness »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1992-97

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Luis Valdivieso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557757807

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, external debt

In 1997, for the first time in six years of transition, lull the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union recorded deficits in their external current accounts: eight of them with defic...

III. The External Current Account and Net Foreign Assets: Longer-Run Equilibrium Perspectives

III. The External Current Account and Net Foreign Assets: Longer-Run Equilibrium Perspectives »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

The external current account in Hungary has been volatile during the transition period since 1989: small surpluses in the early years were followed by current account deficits of about 10 percent of GDP in 1...

IV Debt–and Non-Debt-Creating Capital Flows

IV Debt–and Non-Debt-Creating Capital Flows »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1992-97

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Luis Valdivieso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557757807

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, external debt

The experience of the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union in financing their persistently large and, in many cases, growing external imbalances, has been quite diverse even though...

IV Foreign Direct Investment

IV Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

From the start of the transition, foreign direct investment (FDI) was expected to play a key role in upgrading the country’s infrastructure and productive capacity. It has indeed played that role. Disburseme...

VII Capital Flows and External Debt

VII Capital Flows and External Debt »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

Total external debt of the Central Asian states grew almost sevenfold during 1992–98, reaching $10.5 billion by end-1998 (Table 7.1 and Figure 7.1). The growth in debt started from a nonexistent base; all of...