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VII. Trade and Capital Flows

VII. Trade and Capital Flows »

Source: Regional Economic Issues--Special Report 25 Years of Transition : Post-Communist Europe and the IMF

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): James Roaf , Ruben Atoyan , Bikas Joshi , and Krzysztof Krogulski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498305631

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, transition countries, inflation, banking

Trade and investment links with Western Europe have been among the most important factors behind the growth of the past 25 years. Some countries have been able to ex...

Chapter 24. Montenegro: Riding the Capital Flow Roller Coaster

Chapter 24. Montenegro: Riding the Capital Flow Roller Coaster »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

In its brief history since independence in 2006, Montenegro has been buffeted by strong, and sequentially opposing, external shocks. The postindependence boom, on th...

CHAPTER 6 The Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Lessons from Norway

CHAPTER 6 The Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Lessons from Norway »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION While most studies of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) focus on their wealth management functions, particularly their investment strategies, it is essential to start with t...

Emerging Market Business Cycles with Remittance Fluctuations

Emerging Market Business Cycles with Remittance Fluctuations »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 57, No. 2

Volume: 57

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2010

ISBN: 9781589069121

Keywords: financial liberalization, financial sector, reserve requirements, interest rate controls, financial reforms

This paper introduces a new database of financial reforms covering 91 economies over 1973-2005. It describes the content of the database, the information sources utilized, and the coding rules used to create an ind...

Structural Reforms, Financial Liberalization, and Foreign Direct Investment

Structural Reforms, Financial Liberalization, and Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 57, No. 2

Volume: 57

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2010

ISBN: 9781589069121

Keywords: financial liberalization, financial sector, reserve requirements, interest rate controls, financial reforms

This paper introduces a new database of financial reforms covering 91 economies over 1973-2005. It describes the content of the database, the information sources utilized, and the coding rules used to create an ind...

3. Balance of Payments Accounts

3. Balance of Payments Accounts »

Source: Financial Programming and Policy the Case of Turkey (Reprint) : The Case of Turkey (Reprint)

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 November 2005

ISBN: 9781557758750

Keywords: interest, debt, inflation, payments, central bank

a. Conceptual framework of the balance of payments According to the Balance of Payments Manual, the balance of payments is “a statistical statement that systematically summarizes, fo...

11 The Two Monetary Approaches to the Balance of Payments 1 Keynesian and Johnsonian

11 The Two Monetary Approaches to the Balance of Payments 1 Keynesian and Johnsonian »

Source: Economic Theory and Financial Policy : Selected Essays of Jacques J. Polak, 1994-2004

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 2004

ISBN: 9780765616142

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, exchange rates, monetary system, capital movements

1. Introduction In the 1950s and 60s, a number of new approaches were developed with the aim of understanding better the sequences of economic events that could lead countries into b...

VII Indices of Exchange and Capital Controls and Relationships with Economic Development

VII Indices of Exchange and Capital Controls and Relationships with Economic Development »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

Evaluating the restrictiveness of exchange regimes is a complex task, but in recent years it has been regarded as an important element of reaching a better analytical understanding of the impact of exchange...

III. The External Current Account and Net Foreign Assets: Longer-Run Equilibrium Perspectives

III. The External Current Account and Net Foreign Assets: Longer-Run Equilibrium Perspectives »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

The external current account in Hungary has been volatile during the transition period since 1989: small surpluses in the early years were followed by current account deficits of about 10 percent of GDP in 1...

II Progress Toward Current Account Convertibility

II Progress Toward Current Account Convertibility »

Source: Issues in International Exchange and Payments Systems

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Quirk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754806

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign currency, exchange rates, capital movements

Currency convertibility has always been an important consideration in economic policymaking, along with monetary and fiscal policies and the exchange rate regime. In the IMF’s Articles of Agreement, particul...