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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Financial Regulation and the Current Account

Financial Regulation and the Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 2012/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tomasz Wieladek , and Sergi Lanau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502886.001

ISBN: 9781475502886

Keywords: financial regulation, panel VAR, capital account, capital account openness, current account deficit, current account imbalances, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper examines the relationship between financial regulation and the current account in an intertemporal model of the current account where financial regulation affects the current account through liquidity co...

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Ranciere , Nathaniel Throckmorton , Michael Kumhof , Claire Lebarz , and Alexander Richter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463930578.001

ISBN: 9781463930578

Keywords: Current account imbalances, income inequality; financial liberalization., current account, current account deficit, private credit, current account balance, Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances, Financial Liberalization,

This paper studies the empirical and theoretical link between increases in income inequality and increases in current account deficits. Cross-sectional econometric evidence shows that higher top income shares, and...

Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment
			: A Sectoral and Institutional Approach

Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment : A Sectoral and Institutional Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2010/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiangyan Yu , and James Walsh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455202218.001

ISBN: 9781455202218

Keywords: determinants, institutional development, fdi, direct investment, investors, investment decisions,

Using a dataset which breaks down FDI flows into primary, secondary and tertiary sector investments and a GMM dynamic approach to address concerns about endogeneity, the paper analyzes various macroeconomic, develo...

Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition

Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068124.069

ISBN: 9781589068124

Keywords: debt, liabilities, payments, direct investment, interest

The sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual presents revised and updated standards for concepts, definitions, and classifications for international accounts statistics....

The Role of Information in Driving FDI Flows
			: Host-Country Transparency and Source-Country Specialization

The Role of Information in Driving FDI Flows : Host-Country Transparency and Source-Country Specialization »

Volume/Issue: 2003/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Assaf Razin , Ashoka Mody , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856842.001

ISBN: 9781451856842

Keywords: fdi, investors, direct investment, domestic investment, host countries, International Factor Movements and International Business,

We develop a simple information-based model of FDI flows. On the one hand, the abundance of "intangible" capital in specialized industries in the source countries, which presumably generates expertise in screening...

The Two Monetary Approaches to the Balance of Payments
			: Keynesian and Johnsonian

The Two Monetary Approaches to the Balance of Payments : Keynesian and Johnsonian »

Volume/Issue: 2001/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): J. Polak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852400.001

ISBN: 9781451852400

Keywords: Monetary approach to the balance of payments, monetarism, monetary approach, money supply, monetary fund, demand for money, History of Thought: Macroeconomics, History of Thought: Individuals, Model Construction and Estimation, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General

This paper emphasizes the distinction between two ‘monetary approaches to the balance of payments’, one developed in the IMF, the other under the leadership of Harry Johnson in Chicago. The IMF approa...

Terms of Trade Shocks and the Current Account

Terms of Trade Shocks and the Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 1998/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , and C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975048.001

ISBN: 9781451975048

Keywords: Terms of trade, intertemporal elasticity of substitution, intratemporal elasticity of substitution, terms of trade shocks, trade shocks, relative price, elasticity of substitution

This paper examines the relationship between terms of trade shocks, private saving, and the current account position. The relationship between these variables is theoretically ambiguous: an adverse transitory terms...

The Impact of Controlson Capital Movementson the Private Capital Accounts of Countries' Balance of Payments
			: Empirical Estimates and Policy Implications

The Impact of Controlson Capital Movementson the Private Capital Accounts of Countries' Balance of Payments : Empirical Estimates and Policy Implications »

Volume/Issue: 1994/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Chris Ryan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451956207.001

ISBN: 9781451956207

Keywords: capital movements, capital flows, capital controls, industrial countries, capital inflows

This paper reports research on the impact of controls on capital movements on the private capital accounts of countries’ balance of payments using data drawn from 52 countries for the period 1985-92. The res...

Macroeconomic Uncertainty, Precautionary Savings and the Current Account

Macroeconomic Uncertainty, Precautionary Savings and the Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 1992/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451959048.001

ISBN: 9781451959048

Keywords: current account surplus, current account surpluses, current accounts

The relationship between current account developments and changes in the macroeconomic environment remains a key issue in open economy macroeconomics. This paper extends the standard intertemporal optimizing model...

Saving, Investment, Financial Integration, and the Balance of Payments

Saving, Investment, Financial Integration, and the Balance of Payments »

Volume/Issue: 1989/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451948318.001

ISBN: 9781451948318

Keywords: current account, capital mobility, capital markets, current account balance, capital market

This paper examines the extent of international financial integration, and its consequences for the current account. The evidence indicates that financial liberalization in the 1970s and 1980s has resulted in a sub...