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Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Asia Pacific

Asia at the Forefront: Growth Challenges for the Next Decade and Beyond

Growth in the first half of 2018 was softer than in 2017, especially in advanced economies.

Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets
			: Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals

Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets : Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals »

Volume/Issue: 2015/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Stijn Claessens , and Damien Puy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526638.001

ISBN: 9781513526638

Keywords: Push factors, global banks, markets, portfolio, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Portfolio Choice,

This paper analyzes the behavior of gross capital inflows across 34 emerging markets (EMs). We first confirm that aggregate inflows to EMs co-move considerably. We then report three findings: (i) the aggregate co-m...

Remittances in Pakistan
			: Why have they gone up, and why Aren't they coming down?

Remittances in Pakistan : Why have they gone up, and why Aren't they coming down? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/200

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yan Sun , and Udo Kock

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462303236.001

ISBN: 9781462303236

Keywords: remittances, remittance, worker migration, labor migration, International Factor Movements and International Business: General,

The flow of workers' remittances to Pakistan has more than quadrupled in the last eight years and it shows no sign of slowing down, despite the economic downturn in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and other impo...

Workers' Remittances and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate
			: Theory and Evidence

Workers' Remittances and the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2010/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph Chami , Adolfo Barajas , Peter Montiel , and Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210947.001

ISBN: 9781455210947

Keywords: Worker&;amp;#x2019;s remittances, equilibrium real exchange rate, low-income countries, exchange rate, remittances, real exchange rate, remittance, workers ? remittances,

This paper investigates the impact of workers' remittances on equilibrium real exchange rates (ERER) in recipient economies. Using a small open economy model, it shows that standard "Dutch Disease" results of appre...

Do Workers' Remittances Promote Economic Growth?

Do Workers' Remittances Promote Economic Growth? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Gapen , Ralph Chami , Peter Montiel , Adolfo Barajas , and Connel Fullenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873009.001

ISBN: 9781451873009

Keywords: private flows, remittance, workers ? remittances, remittance flows,

Over the past decades, workers' remittances have grown to become one of the largest sources of financial flows to developing countries, often dwarfing other widely-studied sources such as private capital and offici...

Macroeconomic Consequences of Remittances

Macroeconomic Consequences of Remittances »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Connel Fullenkamp , Thomas Cosimano , Michael Gapen , Ralph Chami , Peter Montiel , and Adolfo Barajas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067011.084

ISBN: 9781589067011

Keywords: Debt sustainability, Capital inflows, Economic models, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Income, Migration, Labor markets, Workers remittances, remittances

Given the large size of aggregate remittance flows (billions of dollars annually), they should be expected to have significant macroeconomic effects on the economies that receive them. This paper directly addresses...

Altruism and Workers' Remittances
			: Evidence from Selected Countries in the Middle East and Central Asia

Altruism and Workers' Remittances : Evidence from Selected Countries in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2006/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863901.001

ISBN: 9781451863901

Keywords: altruism, co-integration, cointegration, equation, workers ? remittances, equations, Household Behavior: General, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

Workers' remittances have been playing an increasingly important role in the balance of payments of many countries and can significantly contribute to the strength of their external positions. Assessing the likely...

Are Immigrant Remittance Flows a Source of Capital for Development?

Are Immigrant Remittance Flows a Source of Capital for Development? »

Volume/Issue: 2003/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Samir Jahjah , Ralph Chami , and Connel Fullenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859638.001

ISBN: 9781451859638

Keywords: altruism, asymmetric information, private income transfers, worker, worker remittances, migration, remittance, Asymmetric and Private Information, Household Behavior, International Factor Movements and International Business,

The role of remittances in development and economic growth is not well understood. This is partly because the literatures on the causes and effects of remittances remain separate. We develop a framework that links...

Current Accounts
			: What Is Their Relevance for Economic Policymaking?

Current Accounts : What Is Their Relevance for Economic Policymaking? »

Volume/Issue: 1998/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabio Scacciavillani , and Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849219.001

ISBN: 9781451849219

Keywords: current account sustainability, current account balance, current account deficit, balance of payments, current account position

This paper surveys the main theoretical approaches for analyzing movements in the current account of the balance of payments, from the Mundell-Fleming paradigm to modern intertemporal approaches. It discusses the m...

Macroeconomic Policies and the Balance of Payments in Pakistan
			: 1972-1986

Macroeconomic Policies and the Balance of Payments in Pakistan : 1972-1986 »

Volume/Issue: 1990/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451956085.001

ISBN: 9781451956085

Keywords: balance of payments, current account, current account deficit, current account balance, exchange rate policy

This paper describes developments in the balance of payments of Pakistan during 1972-86, focusing particularly on the factors that gave rise to external payments problems and the macroeconomics policies that were a...