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Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Western Hemisphere Department

An Uneven Recovery

Amid escalating trade tensions, tighter financial conditions, and volatile commodity markets, economic recovery in LAC has both moderated and become more uneven

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2013

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2013 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484366806.012

ISBN: 9781484366806

Keywords: Exchange rate adjustments, Exchange rate appreciation, Exchange rate assessments, Exchange rate developments, Exchange rate determination, Exchange rate depreciation, Exchange rate guarantees, Exchange rate indicators, Exchange rate indexes, Exchange rate management

This is the 64th issue of the AREAER. It provides a description of the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade systems, and capital controls of all IMF member countries. It also provides information on th...

Outward Foreign Direct Investment and Domestic Investment
			: The Case of Developing Countries

Outward Foreign Direct Investment and Domestic Investment : The Case of Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2013/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Al-Sadiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475517934.001

ISBN: 9781475517934

Keywords: GMM, fdi, domestic investment, direct investment, investment rate,

Over the past two decades, the growth rate of outward foreign direct investment (FDI) from developing and transition economies has increased significantly. Given the role of physical capital accumulation in determi...

The Role of Risk and Information for International Capital Flows
			: New Evidence from the SDDS

The Role of Risk and Information for International Capital Flows : New Evidence from the SDDS »

Volume/Issue: 2012/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuko Hashimoto , and Konstantin Wacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475568660.001

ISBN: 9781475568660

Keywords: determinants of capital flows, information, panel data, risk, SDDS, FDI, portfolio investment, spatial econometrics, direct investment, Models with Panel Data,

In this paper we investigate whether better information about the macroeconomic environment of an economy has a positive impact on its capital inflows, namely portfolio and foreign direct investment (FDI). The purp...

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Ranciere , Nathaniel Throckmorton , Michael Kumhof , Claire Lebarz , and Alexander Richter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463930578.001

ISBN: 9781463930578

Keywords: Current account imbalances, income inequality; financial liberalization., current account, current account deficit, private credit, current account balance, Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances, Financial Liberalization,

This paper studies the empirical and theoretical link between increases in income inequality and increases in current account deficits. Cross-sectional econometric evidence shows that higher top income shares, and...

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced?

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462384860.006

ISBN: 9781462384860

Keywords: global imbalances, current account, exchange rates, current account deficits, current account surpluses, exchange rate, current account deficit, Account Balances Be Reduced?,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment
			: A Sectoral and Institutional Approach

Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment : A Sectoral and Institutional Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2010/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiangyan Yu , and James Walsh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455202218.001

ISBN: 9781455202218

Keywords: determinants, institutional development, fdi, direct investment, investors, investment decisions,

Using a dataset which breaks down FDI flows into primary, secondary and tertiary sector investments and a GMM dynamic approach to address concerns about endogeneity, the paper analyzes various macroeconomic, develo...

FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries
			: Global Drivers and Growth Implications

FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries : Global Drivers and Growth Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2010/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201150.001

ISBN: 9781455201150

Keywords: FDI, Business Cycle, Low-income Countries, host country, direct investment, bilateral trade, foreign direct investment, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Economic Growth of Open Economies, International Factor Movements And International Business,

What accounts for variations in FDI flows from advanced to developing countries? How have FDI inflows explained cross-country growth experiences? In this paper we tackle both these questions empirically for a large...

Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition

Balance of Payments Manual, Sixth Edition »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068124.069

ISBN: 9781589068124

Keywords: debt, liabilities, payments, direct investment, interest

The sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual presents revised and updated standards for concepts, definitions, and classifications for international accounts statistics....

Fiscal Deficits and Current Account Deficits

Fiscal Deficits and Current Account Deficits »

Volume/Issue: 2009/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Kumhof , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873849.001

ISBN: 9781451873849

Keywords: Non-Ricardian Households, Government Deficits, Global Current Account Imbalances, current account, fiscal deficits, government spending, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

The effectiveness of recent fiscal stimulus packages significantly depends on the assumption of non-Ricardian savings behavior. We show that, under the same assumption, fiscal deficits can have worrisome implicatio...

Fundamentals at Odds? The U.S. Current Account Deficit and The Dollar

Fundamentals at Odds? The U.S. Current Account Deficit and The Dollar »

Volume/Issue: 2008/260

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871180.001

ISBN: 9781451871180

Keywords: U.S. dollar, real effective exchange rate, exchange rate, current account balance, effective exchange rate, trading partners,

The real effective exchange rate of the dollar is close to its minimum level for the past 4decades (as of September 2008). At the same time, however, the U.S. trade and currentaccount deficits remain large and, abs...