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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

Back to Basics: Do Current Account Deficits Matter?

Back to Basics: Do Current Account Deficits Matter? »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2006

Volume/Issue: 43/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451922509

Keywords: international monetary fund, health financing, financial systems, central bank

'Africa: Making Its Move' explores some of the obstacles facing sub-Saharan Africa as it attempts to capitalize on changes that offer fresh opportunities for growth and poverty reduction. The lead article describes...

Back To Basics: Remittances: A Lifeline for Development

Back To Basics: Remittances: A Lifeline for Development »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2005

Volume/Issue: 42/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451954050

Keywords: remittances, photography, facsimile, development impact of remittances, impact of remittances

This paper reviews the resurgence of Latin America. The paper highlights that much of the region has witnessed a swift and robust recovery from the successive financial crises of 2001-02. Within two years, the regi...

Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting

Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting »

Source: Balance of Payments Crises Under Inflation Targeting

Volume/Issue: 2007/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shujing Li , Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866483

Keywords: Balance of payments crisis, exchange rate targeting, flow speculative attack, inflation, exchange rate,

This paper analyzes a small open economy model under inflation targeting. It shows why such a monetary regime is vulnerable to speculative attacks that take place over a short period rather than instantaneously. Th...

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks? »

Source: Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Volume/Issue: 2015/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Gustavo Adler , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513585840

Keywords: exchange rate, gross capital flows, exchange, market, General,

Many emerging market economies have relied on foreign exchange intervention (FXI) in response to gross capital inflows. In this paper, we study whether FXI has been an effective tool to dampen the effects of these...

Capital Flow Deflection*

Capital Flow Deflection* »

Source: Capital Flow Deflection

Volume/Issue: 2014/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Giordani , Michele Ruta , Hans Weisfeld , and Ling Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498383202

Keywords: cross-border spillovers, policy response, capital flow, capital inflow, General, International Relations and International Political Economy: General,

This paper focuses on the coordination problem among borrowing countries imposing controls on capital infl ows. In a simple model of capital flows and controls, we show that inflow restrictions distort internation...

Capital Flows to Brazil

Capital Flows to Brazil »

Source: Capital Flows to Brazil : The Endogeneity of Capital Controls

Volume/Issue: 1997/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eliane Cardoso , and Ilan Goldfajn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451942989

Keywords: Capital Flows, Capital Controls, capital inflows, capital outflows, net capital flows

This paper creates an index of capital controls to analyze the determinants of capital flows to Brazil, accounting for the endogeneity of capital controls by considering a government that sets controls in response...

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures »

Source: Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures : Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2008/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Bikas Joshi , Manuela Goretti , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Atish Ghosh , and Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451945997

Keywords: Economic policy, Balance of payments, Capital inflows, Capital flows, Developing countries, Policy Discussion Paper, policy responses, current account, exchange rate,

Although capital inflows are generally beneficial to recipient countries, they also pose a challenge for the conduct of economic policy. This paper proposes a conceptual taxonomy to guide the design of policy respo...

Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America

Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America »

Source: Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America : The Role of External Factors

Volume/Issue: 1992/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leonardo Leiderman , Carmen Reinhart , and Guillermo Calvo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

ISBN: 9781451964455

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, capital inflow, capital outflows

The characteristics of recent capital inflows into Latin America are discussed. It is argued that these inflows are partly explained by conditions outside the region, like recession in the United States and lower i...

4 Capital Inflows in Latin America Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options

4 Capital Inflows in Latin America Causes, Consequences, and Policy Options »

Source: Policies for Growth : The Latin American Experience: Proceedings of a Conference held in Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, March 16-19, 1994

Series: Books

Author(s): Joaquín Muns , and André Lara Resende

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755179

Keywords: central bank, inflation, exchange rate, tax reform, capital inflows

During the past several years, many Latin American countries have faced an abundant foreign exchange supply. In some cases, this was the result of capital inflows in unprecedented amounts, at le...

Capital Inflows to Latin America

Capital Inflows to Latin America »

Source: Capital Inflows to Latin America : The 1970's and the 1990's

Volume/Issue: 1992/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , Guillermo Calvo , and Leonardo Leiderman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1992

ISBN: 9781451954265

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate appreciation

During the past two years Latin America has received sizable international capital inflows. This paper compares the recent experience with that of the late 1970s. The analysis examines differences and similarities...