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Chapter 5. Capital Flows and International Order: Trilemmas and Trade-Offs from Macroeconomics to Political Economy and International Relations

Chapter 5. Capital Flows and International Order: Trilemmas and Trade-Offs from Macroeconomics to Political Economy and International Relations »

Source: From Great Depression to Great Recession : The Elusive Quest for International Policy Cooperation

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

ISBN: 9781513514277

Keywords: global financial crisis, adjustment fatigue, deflation, currency wars, secular stagnation, policy cooperation, recovery, crisis prevention, policy coordination, imbalances

Globalization—the establishment of cross-national linkages—is rarely a simple, unidirectional process. It creates major strains as different economic, social, and political systems adapt to each other’s infl...

Effective Trade Costs and the Current Account: An Empirical Analysis

Effective Trade Costs and the Current Account: An Empirical Analysis »

Source: Effective Trade Costs and the Current Account: An Empirical Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emine Boz , Nan Li , and Hongrui Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484392171

Keywords: Global imbalances, Current account, trade costs, structural gravity model, comparative advantage, trade restrictiveness, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Open Economy Macroeconomics

A view receiving increased support is that the height of trade costs in prime export sectors has a strong effect on current account balances: countries specializing in sectors that face relatively high trade costs,...

Fiscal Deficits and Current Account Deficits

Fiscal Deficits and Current Account Deficits »

Source: Fiscal Deficits and Current Account Deficits

Volume/Issue: 2009/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Kumhof , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873849

Keywords: Non-Ricardian Households, Government Deficits, Global Current Account Imbalances, current account, fiscal deficits, government spending, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

The effectiveness of recent fiscal stimulus packages significantly depends on the assumption of non-Ricardian savings behavior. We show that, under the same assumption, fiscal deficits can have worrisome implicatio...

Sharp Reductions in Current Account Deficits
			: An Empirical Analysis

Sharp Reductions in Current Account Deficits : An Empirical Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 1997/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858228.001

ISBN: 9781451858228

Keywords: Current account deficits, current account sustainability, capital flows, current account, current account deficit, current account imbalances, current account balance

The paper studies determinants and consequences of sharp reductions in current account imbalances (reversals) in low- and middle-income countries. It poses two questions: what triggers reversals, and what factors e...

Accounting for Global Dispersion of Current Accounts

Accounting for Global Dispersion of Current Accounts »

Volume/Issue: 2009/276

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Yongsung Chang , and Sun-Bin Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874211.001

ISBN: 9781451874211

Keywords: Distribution of Current Account, Incomplete Markets, Frictions, current accounts, current account imbalances, current account balances, current account deficit,

We undertake a quantitative analysis of the dispersion of current accounts in an open economy version of incomplete insurance model, incorporating important market frictions in trade and financial flows. Calibrated...

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances »

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Ranciere , Nathaniel Throckmorton , Michael Kumhof , Claire Lebarz , and Alexander Richter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463930578.001

ISBN: 9781463930578

Keywords: Current account imbalances, income inequality; financial liberalization., current account, current account deficit, private credit, current account balance, Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances, Financial Liberalization,

This paper studies the empirical and theoretical link between increases in income inequality and increases in current account deficits. Cross-sectional econometric evidence shows that higher top income shares, and...

Current Account Imbalances
			: Can Structural Policies Make a Difference?

Current Account Imbalances : Can Structural Policies Make a Difference? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937799.001

ISBN: 9781463937799

Keywords: structural policies, imbalances, current account balance, current accounts, current account surplus,

The discussion of global and regional imbalances has put the spotlight on the possible link between current accounts and structural policies. Drawing on standard empirical current account models, the paper finds th...

International Capital Flows and National Creditworthiness
			: Do the Fundamental Things Apply As Time Goes By?

International Capital Flows and National Creditworthiness : Do the Fundamental Things Apply As Time Goes By? »

Volume/Issue: 1998/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , and C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451977523.001

ISBN: 9781451977523

Keywords: consumption smoothing, international capital flows, structural break, current account, current account deficit, current account imbalances, current account deficits, external liabilities

This paper examines the optimality of international capital flows to a persistent net importer of capital, Australia, during its post-capital-controls period 1984-98. The results suggest that international capital...

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 2018/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Chi Dao , and Callum Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484385906.001

ISBN: 9781484385906

Keywords: Pensions, Demographic indicators, Current account balances, Current account surpluses, Capital flows, Aging, Demographics, Current Account Flows, External Imbalances, General

Building on the evolving literature on the topic, this paper reviews the relationship between demographics and long-run capital flows in both theory and in the data. For this purpose, we develop a two region overla...

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced?

(Why) Should Current Account Balances Be Reduced? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462384860.006

ISBN: 9781462384860

Keywords: global imbalances, current account, exchange rates, current account deficits, current account surpluses, exchange rate, current account deficit, Account Balances Be Reduced?,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...