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Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

The Impact of Cyclical Factors on the U. S. Balance of Payments

The Impact of Cyclical Factors on the U. S. Balance of Payments »

Volume/Issue: 2002/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Magda Kandil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846485.001

ISBN: 9781451846485

Keywords: capital and financial account, current account balance, current account deficit, current account deficits, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance,

Real GDP growth and real effective exchange rate (REER) appreciation appear cointegrated with the current and financial accounts of the U.S. balance of payments. On this basis, we estimate reduced form equations sh...

Smooth Operator: Remittances and Fiscal Shocks

Smooth Operator: Remittances and Fiscal Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 2017/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Serhan Cevik , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484307878.001

ISBN: 9781484307878

Keywords: Remittances, Remittances, Consumption smoothing, fiscal shocks, social spendin, Kimberly Beaton, Serhan Cevik and Seyed Reza Yousefi, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, International Business Cycles, Household

With 250 million migrants globally, remittances are one of the major sources of income in many developing countries. While there is abundant evidence that remittances facilitate consumption smoothing in receving co...

Commodity-based Sovereign Wealth Funds
			: Managing Financial Flows in the Context of the Sovereign Balance Sheet

Commodity-based Sovereign Wealth Funds : Managing Financial Flows in the Context of the Sovereign Balance Sheet »

Volume/Issue: 2018/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdullah Al-Hassan , Sue Brake , Michael Papaioannou , and Martin Skancke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340967.001

ISBN: 9781484340967

Keywords: International financial markets, Risk management, Sovereign wealth funds, sovereign asset and liability management, financing gap, investment management, macroeconomic coordination, Portfolio Choice

Commodity-based sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) have been at a crossroads following the recent fall in commodity prices. This paper provides a framework for commodity-based SWF management, focusing on stabilization a...

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation?

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anton Korinek , and Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513506463.001

ISBN: 9781513506463

Keywords: pecuniary externalities, macroprudential regulation, inequality, exchange rate, exchange, lenders, borrowers, markets, International Lending and Debt Problems, Open Economy Macroeconomics

International capital flows can create significant financial instability in emerging economies because of pecuniary externalities associated with exchange rate movements. Does this make it optimal to impose capital...

Growth and Capital Flows with Risky Entrepreneurship

Growth and Capital Flows with Risky Entrepreneurship »

Volume/Issue: 2010/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962802.001

ISBN: 9781451962802

Keywords: Investment Risk, Saving, Financial Development, Growth, entrepreneurs, entrepreneurship, Mathematical Methods And Programming, Production, Employment, And Investment

This paper shows that the behavior of entrepreneurs facing incomplete financial markets and risky investment can explain why growth accelerations in developing countries tend to be associated with current account i...

Direct Reporting of Private Sector Cross-Border Financial Flows and Stocks in Selected African Countries

Direct Reporting of Private Sector Cross-Border Financial Flows and Stocks in Selected African Countries »

Volume: 13

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Simon Quin , Kenneth Egesa , and Howard Murad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475557985.005

ISBN: 9781475557985

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Ghana, Gambia, The, Kenya, Mauritius, Nigeria, Mozambique, The Gambia, International Investment Position, International Capital Flows

Private cross-border financial flows and stocks have grown to account for an increasingly significant part of overall transactions and positions in many African countries. Direct reporting through enterprise survey...

Malaysian Capital Controls
			: Macroeconomics and Institutions

Malaysian Capital Controls : Macroeconomics and Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2006/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , Simon Johnson , Kalpana Kochhar , and Todd Mitton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863116.001

ISBN: 9781451863116

Keywords: Asian crisis, political connections, stock price, stock market, stock returns, capital market, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Corporate Finance and Governance: General,

We analyze the capital controls imposed in Malaysia in September 1998. In macroeconomic terms, these controls neither yielded major benefits nor were costly. At the same time, the stock market interpreted the capit...

Do Macroeconomic Effects of Capital Controls Vary by their Type? Evidence From Malaysia

Do Macroeconomic Effects of Capital Controls Vary by their Type? Evidence From Malaysia »

Volume/Issue: 2004/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841930.001

ISBN: 9781451841930

Keywords: exchange, controls, portfolio, flows, Asian crisis, capital controls, foreign currency, capital flows, foreign exchange, direct investment

This paper examines how the macroeconomic effects of capital controls vary depending on which type of international financial transaction they cover. Drawing on Malaysia's experiences in regulating the capital acco...

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds
			: A Shifting Paradigm

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds : A Shifting Paradigm »

Volume/Issue: 2011/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iva Petrova , Jukka Pihlman , Peter Kunzel , and Yinqiu Lu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211968.001

ISBN: 9781455211968

Keywords: Portfolio Choice, Investment and Risk Management, Government Policy and Regulation, pension, pension reserve, investment objectives, pension fund, risk management, International Finance: General, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

While SWF investment objectives to some extent reflect inherent characteristics, notable differences in strategic asset allocation (SAA) exist even amongst SWFs of similar types. Even so, this paper shows that the...