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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Stabilization policy in Portugal, 1974–78: Within two years. Portugal moved from a large deficit to a surplus in its balance of payments with a Fund-assisted program

Stabilization policy in Portugal, 1974–78: Within two years. Portugal moved from a large deficit to a surplus in its balance of payments with a Fund-assisted program »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1981

Volume/Issue: 18/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616353469

Keywords: development banking, banking, drainage, irrigation

This paper discusses the appointment of A. W. Clausen as the new World Bank president. Mr. Clausen, 57, joined the Bank of America in 1949 as a trainee just out of the University of Minnesota law school and rose to...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 1999

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 1999 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758187.044

ISBN: 9781557758187

Keywords: payments, liabilities, debt, portfolio investment, loans, bonds, debt securities, financial derivatives, money market, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Current Account Deficits in Rich Countries

Current Account Deficits in Rich Countries »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 54, No. 2

Volume: 54

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2007

ISBN: 9781589066502

Keywords: current account, current account deficit, current account deficits, current account surplus, current account surpluses, Benchmarking (finance), Bond Market, Business Cycles. Econometric Models, Consumption (economics), Default (finance)

Vol. 54, No. 2 includes three notable contributions from the Seventh Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference (ARC) hosted by the IMF in November 2006. Its lead paper, by Olivier Blanchard of Harvard University, is...

The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics

The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics »

Source: The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics : Many Paths to the Same Endpoint

Volume/Issue: 2013/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joong Kang , and Jay Shambaugh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2013

ISBN: 9781475594270

Keywords: current account deficit, transfer, income balance, competitiveness, domestic boom, export performance, current account, merchandise export, reer, export market

Explanations of the large current account deficits for the euro area periphery and the Baltics in the run up to the crisis revolve around two main factors: deteriorating export performance or demand driven booms. W...

Research Summaries: The Rise and Fall of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics

Research Summaries: The Rise and Fall of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics »

Source: Research Bulletin, June 2014

Volume/Issue: 15/2

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498320795

Keywords: current account balances, current account balance, current account, rebalancing, low-income countries,

Articles in the June 2014 issue of the IMF Research Bulletin look at 'The Rise and Fall of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics' (Joong Shik Kang and Jay C. Shambaugh) and 'The Two Si...

Rebalancing in the Euro Area and Cyclicality of Current Account Adjustments1

Rebalancing in the Euro Area and Cyclicality of Current Account Adjustments1 »

Source: Rebalancing in the Euro Area and Cyclicality of Current Account Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2014/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thierry Tressel , and Shengzu Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498334426

Keywords: Rebalancing, Imbalances, Euro Area, export performance, export growth, reer, debtor countries, General, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems

The paper examines progress with the external rebalancing of euro area deficit countries. Relative prices are adjusting at different pace across countries and with different compositions of wage cuts and labor shed...

Current Account Imbalances in the Southern Euro Area

Current Account Imbalances in the Southern Euro Area »

Source: Current Account Imbalances in the Southern Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2010/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Florence Jaumotte , and Piyaporn Sodsriwiboon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201228

Keywords: financial liberalization, current accounts, current account deficits, current account balance, current account balances, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

The paper examines the causes, consequences, and potential cures of the large current account deficits in the Southern Euro Area (SEA). These were mostly driven by a decline in private saving rates. But it was the...

Growth Following Investment and Consumption-Driven Current Account Crises

Growth Following Investment and Consumption-Driven Current Account Crises »

Source: Growth Following Investment and Consumption-Driven Current Account Crises

Volume/Issue: 2013/217

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484321898

Keywords: current account deficit, current accounts, current account surpluses

Current account deficits imply increasing liabilities to the rest of the world. External sustainability then depends on whether these can be met in the future without defaulting, i.e., normally through trade accoun...

The Impact of Controlson Capital Movementson the Private Capital Accounts of Countries' Balance of Payments

The Impact of Controlson Capital Movementson the Private Capital Accounts of Countries' Balance of Payments »

Source: The Impact of Controlson Capital Movementson the Private Capital Accounts of Countries' Balance of Payments : Empirical Estimates and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 1994/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Chris Ryan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1994

ISBN: 9781451956207

Keywords: capital movements, capital flows, capital controls, industrial countries, capital inflows

This paper reports research on the impact of controls on capital movements on the private capital accounts of countries’ balance of payments using data drawn from 52 countries for the period 1985-92. The res...

Current Accounts in a Currency Union

Current Accounts in a Currency Union »

Source: Current Accounts in a Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2009/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jörg Decressin , and Emil Stavrev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451872743

Keywords: currency union, EMU, real exchange rate, exchange rate, current accounts, current account balance,

A fear about EMU was that in the absence of national currencies, country-specific shocks would result in greater current account divergences between member states. This paper finds that divergences across euro-area...