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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows

Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robert Kahn , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753502.084

ISBN: 9781557753502

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, foreign exchange, capital outflows, current account

This paper explores the experience of six countries (Chile, Colombia, Egypt, Mexico, Spain and Thailand) with capital inflows. It illustrates that although capital inflows are usually beneficial, too great an inflo...

Sterilizing Capital inflows

Sterilizing Capital inflows »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756329.051

ISBN: 9781557756329

Keywords: capital inflows, central bank, open market operations, capital controls, reserve requirements

Developing countries fortunate enough to experience capital inflows haveseen rising levels of investment and enhanced economic growth. Capitalinflows have a negative side, however, in that they tend to appreciateth...

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries »

Source: Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

ISBN: 9781451921571

Keywords: exchange rate, probability, foreign exchange, equation, fixed exchange rate

This paper estimates a speculative attack model of currency crises in an attempt to identify the roles of macroeconomic fundamentals and speculative market pressures in the recent crisis, as well as earlier devalua...

A Tradeoff between the Output and  Current Account Effects of Pension Reform

A Tradeoff between the Output and Current Account Effects of Pension Reform »

Source: A Tradeoff between the Output and Current Account Effects of Pension Reform

Volume/Issue: 2012/283

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mario Catalan , and Nicolas Magud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475563948

Keywords: Pension reform, external balance, dyamic general equilibrium model, pension, retirement, retirement age, pension benefits, benefits, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Social Security and Public Pensions,

We compare the long-term output and current account effects of pension reforms that increase the retirement age with those of reforms that cut pension benefits, conditional on reforms achieving similar fiscal targe...

Exchange and Capital Controls as Barriers to Trade

Exchange and Capital Controls as Barriers to Trade »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 46, No. 1

Volume: 46

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451974553

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rates, skilled workers, unemployment rate, labor force

This economic journal contains theoretical and empirical analyses of varous macroeconomic issues. The studies are prepapred by IMF research staff or consultants. Subjects covered inclulde balance of payments and ex...

III. Causes of Surges in Capital Inflows

III. Causes of Surges in Capital Inflows »

Source: Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robert Kahn , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753502

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, foreign exchange, capital outflows, current account

Two sources of information on the causes of capital inflows are the characteristics of the actual inflows and the domestic and external economic developments leading up to and during the inflow period. This...

Implications of a Surge in Capital Inflows

Implications of a Surge in Capital Inflows »

Source: Implications of a Surge in Capital Inflows : Available tools and Consequences for the Conduct of Monetary Policy

Volume/Issue: 1996/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jang-Yung Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451847345

Keywords: capital inflows, central bank, capital flows, monetary policy, reserve requirement

This paper seeks to extend discussion of monetary policy instruments to the situation of a country faced with major capital inflows when the process of domestic financial liberalization is incomplete. It briefly su...

Rebalancing in the Euro Area and Cyclicality of Current Account Adjustments1

Rebalancing in the Euro Area and Cyclicality of Current Account Adjustments1 »

Source: Rebalancing in the Euro Area and Cyclicality of Current Account Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2014/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thierry Tressel , and Shengzu Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498334426

Keywords: Rebalancing, Imbalances, Euro Area, export performance, export growth, reer, debtor countries, General, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems

The paper examines progress with the external rebalancing of euro area deficit countries. Relative prices are adjusting at different pace across countries and with different compositions of wage cuts and labor shed...

The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics

The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics »

Source: The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics : Many Paths to the Same Endpoint

Volume/Issue: 2013/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joong Kang , and Jay Shambaugh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2013

ISBN: 9781475594270

Keywords: current account deficit, transfer, income balance, competitiveness, domestic boom, export performance, current account, merchandise export, reer, export market

Explanations of the large current account deficits for the euro area periphery and the Baltics in the run up to the crisis revolve around two main factors: deteriorating export performance or demand driven booms. W...

Current Account Imbalances in the Southern Euro Area

Current Account Imbalances in the Southern Euro Area »

Source: Current Account Imbalances in the Southern Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2010/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Florence Jaumotte , and Piyaporn Sodsriwiboon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201228

Keywords: financial liberalization, current accounts, current account deficits, current account balance, current account balances, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

The paper examines the causes, consequences, and potential cures of the large current account deficits in the Southern Euro Area (SEA). These were mostly driven by a decline in private saving rates. But it was the...